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Activins are formed by dimerization of beta-subunits and, as members of the TGF-beta superfamily, have diverse roles as potent growth and differentiation factors. As the biological function of the activin C homodimer (betaC-betaC) is unknown, we sought to compare activin A (betaA-betaA), B (betaB-betaB), and C homodimer bioactivities and to investigate the(More)
Recent studies have linked fetal exposure to a suboptimal intrauterine environment with adult hypertension. The aims of the present study were to see whether prenatal dexamethasone administered intravenously to the ewe between 26 to 28 days of gestation (1) resulted in high blood pressure in male and female offspring and whether hypertension in males was(More)
We have used cultures of highly purified, proliferating rat Sertoli cells collected from d 3, 6, and 9 rat pups to investigate the role of activin A on Sertoli cell division. These studies demonstrate that activin A acts directly on d 6 and 9, but not d 3, Sertoli cells to induce proliferation, both alone and synergistically with FSH. In addition to(More)
The glioma pathogenesis-related 1 (GLIPR1) family consists of three genes [GLIPR1, GLIPR1-like 1 (GLIPR1L1), and GLIPR1-like 2 (GLIPR1L2)] and forms a distinct subgroup within the cysteine-rich secretory protein (CRISP), antigen 5, and pathogenesis-related 1 (CAP) superfamily. CAP superfamily proteins are found in phyla ranging from plants to humans and,(More)
Testicular development is governed by the combined influence of hormones and proteins, including FSH, inhibins, activins and follistatin (FST). This study documents the expression of these proteins and their corresponding mRNAs, in testes and serum from mice aged 0 through 91 days post partum (dpp), using real-time PCR, in situ hybridisation,(More)
BACKGROUND Activin A is a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily which is directly implicated in airway structural change and inflammation in asthma. In vitro, the biological effects of activin A are neutralized by the soluble binding protein follistatin. OBJECTIVE To determine the potential of endogenous follistatin to suppress activin(More)
A significant percentage of young men are infertile and, for the majority, the underlying cause remains unknown. Male infertility is, however, frequently associated with defective sperm motility, wherein the sperm tail is a modified flagella/cilia. Conversely, a greater understanding of essential mechanisms involved in tail formation may offer contraceptive(More)
Alternative splicing of precursor messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) is common in mammalian cells and enables the production of multiple gene products from a single gene, thus increasing transcriptome and proteome diversity. Disturbance of splicing regulation is associated with many human diseases; however, key splicing factors that control tissue-specific(More)
The regulation of Sertoli cell activin A and inhibin B secretion during inflammation was investigated in vitro. Adult rat Sertoli cells were incubated with the inflammatory mediators, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), IL-6 and the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) over 48 h in culture. Activin A, inhibin B and IL-1alpha were measured(More)
Inhibin is a dimeric glycoprotein that suppresses follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion from the pituitary. Two bioactive forms of inhibin exist, inhibin A and B. The availability of specific immunoassays for each of the isoforms has enabled the study of the individual inhibins and their physiological roles. In the male, inhibin B is the circulating(More)