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Deficiency of liver arginase (AI) is characterized clinically by hyperargininemia, progressive mental impairment, growth retardation, spasticity, and periodic episodes of hyperammonemia. The rarest of the inborn errors of urea cycle enzymes, it has been considered the least life-threatening, by virtue of the typical absence of catastrophic neonatal(More)
As yeast cultures enter stationary phase in rich, glucose-based medium, differentiation of two major subpopulations of cells, termed quiescent and nonquiescent, is observed. Differences in mRNA abundance between exponentially growing and stationary-phase cultures and quiescent and nonquiescent cells are known, but little was known about protein abundance in(More)
Heterochromatin exerts a heritable form of eukaryotic gene repression and contributes to chromosome segregation fidelity and genome stability. However, to date there has been no quantitative evaluation of the stability of heterochromatic gene repression. We designed a genetic strategy to capture transient losses of gene silencing in Saccharomyces as(More)
The genetic, epigenetic, and physiological differences among cells in clonal microbial colonies are underexplored opportunities for discovery. A recently developed genetic assay reveals that transient losses of heterochromatic repression, a heritable form of gene silencing, occur throughout the growth of Saccharomyces colonies. This assay requires analyzing(More)
As the only catalytic member of the Sir-protein gene-silencing complex, Sir2's catalytic activity is necessary for silencing. The only known role for Sir2's catalytic activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae silencing is to deacetylate N-terminal tails of histones H3 and H4, creating high-affinity binding sites for the Sir-protein complex, resulting in(More)
We have explored the molecular pathology in 28 individuals homozygous or heterozygous for liver arginase deficiency (hyperargininemia) by a combination of Southern analysis, western blotting, DNA sequencing, and PCR. This cohort represents the majority of arginase-deficient individuals worldwide. Only 2 of 15 homozygous patients on whom red blood cells were(More)
While routinely mapping point mutations within the arginase locus of a collection of hyperargininemic patients, we discovered that a base immediately outside a restriction endonuclease recognition site (TaqI) can eliminate cleavage of this site by this enzyme. The genetic lesion lay in a base immediately flanking a TaqI recognition site within exon 8 of the(More)
34 Heterochromatin exerts a heritable form of eukaryotic gene repression and 35 contributes to chromosome segregation fidelity and genome stability. However, to date 36 there has been no quantitative evaluation of the stability of heterochromatic gene 37 repression. We designed a genetic strategy to capture transient losses of gene silencing in 38(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a small, intergenic region known as the recombination enhancer regulates donor selection during mating-type switching and also helps shape the conformation of chromosome III. Using an assay that detects transient losses of heterochromatic repression, we found that the recombination enhancer also acts at a distance in cis to(More)