Anne E. Dixon

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RATIONALE Obesity is a major risk factor for asthma; the reasons for this are poorly understood, although it is thought that inflammatory changes in adipose tissue in obesity could contribute to airway inflammation and airway reactivity in individuals who are obese. OBJECTIVES To determine if inflammation in adipose tissue in obesity is related to(More)
RATIONALE The developed world is currently facing an epidemic of obesity. With the increased prevalence of obesity has come the recognition that obesity is a risk factor for asthma. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this workshop was to bring together experts in the field of asthma, with experts in the field of obesity to review the current state-of-the-art(More)
BACKGROUND Recent literature suggests that obese critically ill patients do not have worse outcomes than patients who are normal weight. However, outcomes in extreme obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) are unclear. We sought to determine the association between extreme obesity and ICU outcomes. METHODS We analyzed data from a multicenter international(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma in obese subjects is poorly understood, and these patients are often refractory to standard therapy. OBJECTIVES We sought to gain insights into the pathogenesis and treatment of asthma in obese subjects by determining how obesity and bariatric surgery affect asthma control, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), and markers of asthmatic(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with poor outcomes in many diseases, although recent data suggest that acute lung injury (ALI) is an exception. This is particularly interesting because obesity is marked by increased levels of proinflammatory mediators associated with increased morbidity and mortality in ALI. We hypothesized that cytokine response might be(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to investigate whether reduced lung function is associated with metabolic syndrome (MS) and diabetes (DM) in American Indians (AIs) and to determine whether lower pulmonary function presents before the development of DM or MS. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The Strong Heart Study (SHS) is a multicenter, prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic rhinitis and sinusitis are frequently associated with asthma. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of self-reported allergic rhinitis and sinusitis on lower airway disease in a large cohort of participants with well-characterized asthma. METHODS A cohort study of participants in two trials of the American Lung(More)
Study Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine if asthma with rhinitis and asthma without rhinitis represent distinct forms of disease. Design We performed a prospective cross-sectional study. Participants The study included healthy controls, participants with asthma without rhinitis, and participants with both asthma and rhinitis.(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for being diagnosed with asthma, but there is conflicting evidence on whether obesity is a risk factor for lung function abnormalities characteristic of asthma. We studied a cohort of 488 subjects, 47% of whom were obese. Obese and non-obese subjects with asthma had similar airflow limitation and bronchodilator responsiveness, but(More)
BACKGROUND Obese asthmatics tend to have poorly controlled asthma, and resistance to standard asthma controller medications. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of pioglitazone, an anti-diabetic medication which can alter circulating adipokines and have direct effects on asthmatic inflammation, in the treatment of asthma in obesity. (More)