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RATIONALE The developed world is currently facing an epidemic of obesity. With the increased prevalence of obesity has come the recognition that obesity is a risk factor for asthma. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this workshop was to bring together experts in the field of asthma, with experts in the field of obesity to review the current state-of-the-art(More)
Obesity and asthma prevalence have been increasing over the past decade. Epidemiological evidence demonstrates that obesity results in an increased risk of developing incident asthma. Even modest levels of increased weight increase asthma risk. Recently published data suggest that obese asthma patients may represent a distinct phenotype of asthma. Obese(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with poor outcomes in many diseases, although recent data suggest that acute lung injury (ALI) is an exception. This is particularly interesting because obesity is marked by increased levels of proinflammatory mediators associated with increased morbidity and mortality in ALI. We hypothesized that cytokine response might be(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a risk factor for asthma. Studies in mice suggest that the adipokines leptin and adiponectin affect asthmatic responses. The purpose of this study was to determine if adipokines associated with obesity are (1) altered in obese women with asthma compared to controls and (2) associated with increased cytokines and chemokines involved in(More)
BACKGROUND The IL-1 family member IL-33 plays a critical role in type 2 innate immune responses to allergens and is an important mediator of allergic asthma. The mechanisms by which allergens provoke epithelial IL-33 secretion are still poorly understood. OBJECTIVE Based on previous findings indicating involvement of the NADPH oxidase dual oxidase 1(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic rhinitis and sinusitis are frequently associated with asthma. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of self-reported allergic rhinitis and sinusitis on lower airway disease in a large cohort of participants with well-characterized asthma. METHODS A cohort study of participants in two trials of the American Lung(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for being diagnosed with asthma, but there is conflicting evidence on whether obesity is a risk factor for lung function abnormalities characteristic of asthma. We studied a cohort of 488 subjects, 47% of whom were obese. Obese and non-obese subjects with asthma had similar airflow limitation and bronchodilator responsiveness, but(More)
RATIONALE Obesity is a major risk factor for asthma; the reasons for this are poorly understood, although it is thought that inflammatory changes in adipose tissue in obesity could contribute to airway inflammation and airway reactivity in individuals who are obese. OBJECTIVES To determine if inflammation in adipose tissue in obesity is related to(More)
Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of asthma, and causes severe, uncontrolled disease that responds poorly to therapy. The obese state alters early onset allergic asthma, and leads to the development of a novel form of late onset asthma secondary to obesity. The presentation of early onset allergic asthma is altered through effects on immune(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma in obese subjects is poorly understood, and these patients are often refractory to standard therapy. OBJECTIVES We sought to gain insights into the pathogenesis and treatment of asthma in obese subjects by determining how obesity and bariatric surgery affect asthma control, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), and markers of asthmatic(More)