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Modulation of the T-cell response depends chiefly on regulatory T cells (Treg), which express CD4 and CD25. Some Treg cells are present naturally, whereas others are induced in response to antigens. The immunomodulating effects of Treg cells are mediated by membrane molecules (e.g., CTLA4, GITR, and OX40) and cytokines. IL-35 seems to be a crucial mediator,(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-inflammatory gene therapy is promising in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We have previously demonstrated that intra-muscular (i.m.) electrotransfer (ET) of plasmids encoding three different human tumor necrosis factor-alpha-soluble receptor I variants (hTNFR-Is) exert protective effects in an experimental RA model.(More)
Interleukin (IL)-35 was initially described as an immunosuppressive cytokine specifically produced by CD4(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg). Since Treg play a major role in autoimmunity control and protect from inflammation, we aimed at evaluating the role of IL-35 in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), a mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect in mice with arthritis of active anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha immunotherapy based on a keyhole limpet haemocyanin-human TNFalpha heterocomplex (hTNFalpha kinoid or TNFK) adjuvanted in incomplete Freund adjuvant. Immunotherapy was evaluated also with methotrexate. METHODS Human TNFalpha-transgenic mice received(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and destruction of the joints. In the collagen-induced arthritis mouse model of RA, we developed a nonviral gene therapy method designed to block in situ the main cytokine tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha METHODS Electrotransfer was used to deliver a plasmid(More)
PKC modulators were used to investigate the role of the PKC pathway either on the maintenance of meiotic arrest or on FSH-induced maturation of mouse cumulus cell enclosed oocytes (CEOs). (1) Whereas PKC activation (PMA 8 microM) overcomed clearly the HX-maintained meiotic arrest (83.7 +/- 3.6% vs. 16.1 +/- 10.6% GVBD oocytes), PKC inhibition (Calphostin C(More)
New micro-vessels formation within synovium and macro-vessels endothelial damage with atheroma are two major features of rheumatoid arthritis, the former related to the articular involvement of the disease, the latter to its main systemic complication. The similarities between pannus development and solid tumors growth, and the efficacy of anti-angiogenic(More)
Most autoimmune diseases have an unknown etiology, but all involve cytokines cascade in their development. At the present time, several cytokines have been identified as major targets in various autoimmune diseases, involving the development of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against those cytokines. Even if MAbs are indeed efficient, the passive(More)
As highlighted in this review, the phosphoinositide-phospholipase C pathway is strongly implicated in the control of mouse oocyte meiosis. The pathway becomes progressively functional as oocyte growth advances, and it appears to play a role in the G2/M transition when meiosis resumes, at least in the in vitro spontaneous model. Even if the inositol(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There are limited experimental data on vascular involvement in arthritis models. To study the link between CVD and inflammation in RA, we developed a model of vascular dysfunction and articular inflammation by collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in C57Bl/6(More)
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