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In ALS, advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques are increasingly used to investigate the underlying pathology. In this study, the technique of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was applied to 3-D MRI data in ALS patients to localize regional grey and white matter changes. Twenty-two ALS patients (mean age 58+/-9 years) with clinically definite ALS(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the earliest symptoms of X-linked bulbospinal neuronopathy (Kennedy disease [KD]) during the course of the disease, including a definition of the age of onset. METHODS We describe the earliest symptoms, signs on clinical investigation, electrophysiological and muscle biopsy specimen findings, and creatine kinase levels in 34(More)
A heterozygous R1101K mutation of the p150 subunit of dynactin (DCTN1) is reported in a family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and co-occurrence of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Two members of our kindred were affected with motor neuron disease and two with dementia in an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. We excluded the involvement of(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal neuronal inclusions composed of the transactivation response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) are characteristic neuropathologic lesions in sporadic and familial forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This makes TARDBP, the gene encoding for TDP-43, a candidate for genetic screening in ALS. OBJECTIVES To investigate the presence(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common neurodegenerative disease of the motor system. Bulbar symptoms such as dysphagia and dysarthria are frequent features of ALS and can result in reductions in life expectancy and quality of life. These dysfunctions are assessed by clinical examination and by use of instrumented methods such as(More)
Different motor neuron disorders (MNDs) are mainly defined by the clinical presentation based on the predominance of upper or lower motor neuron impairment and the course of the disease. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) mostly serves as a tool to exclude other pathologies, but novel approaches such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have begun to add(More)
We present a 32-year-old Turkish male with juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 2 and a previously unrecognized homozygous deletion in exon 4 of the ALS2 gene (553delA). Disease progression is more rapid than in the ALS2 phenotype cases described to date. The patient's consanguineous parents carry the mutation in the heterozygous state as do his two(More)
In X-linked hereditary demyelinating neuropathies (CMTX), caused by mutations in Connexin 32, mild subclinical CNS involvement is not unusual. We present a young male patient suffering from genetically proven CMTX who presented with permanent bilateral corticospinal tract hyperintensities in cranial MRI -- a finding previously described to be characteristic(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) was identified as the major component of ubiquitin-positive tau-negative neuronal and glial inclusions in the most common form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It was demonstrated that different TDP-43 profiles correspond to clinical phenotypes of(More)
Mutations in NIPA1 cause hereditary spastic paraplegia type 6 (SPG6 HSP). Sequencing of the whole gene has revealed alterations of either of two nucleotides in eight of nine SPG6 HSP families reported to date. By analysing CpG methylation, we provide a mechanistic explanation for a mutational hotspot to underlie frequent alteration of one of these(More)