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Theoretical and experimental analyses of piezoelectric stacks submitted to periodical electrical boundary conditions via electrodes are conducted. The presented structures exhibit Bragg band gaps that can be switched on or off by setting electrodes in short or open circuit. The band gap frequency width is determined by the electromechanical coupling(More)
In this paper, the propagation of short compressional pulses through a one-dimensional chain of identical spherical beads is analyzed. First, a single sphere is studied. Then, an infinite chain of identical spheres is considered. Finally, a finite linear chain can be seen as a particular case of an infinite chain. It shows the existence of allowed and(More)
The "double-driver" cymbal, a directional class V flextensional transducer, is described in this paper. Its basic structure is a bilaminar piezoelectric disk with metal caps as mechanical transformers and amplifiers. The directivity was accomplished by exciting the double-driver in a combined flexural and bending mode causing the sound pressure to add in(More)
The cymbal is a miniaturized class V flextensional transducer that was developed for potential use as a shallow water sound projector and receiver. Single elements are characterized by high Q, low efficiency, and medium power output capability. Its low cost and thin profile allow the transducer to be assembled into large flexible arrays. Efforts were made(More)
With the recent availability of piezoelectric fibers, the design and the analysis of piezoelectric composites needs new modeling tools. Therefore, a numerical homogenization technique has been developed, based on the ATILA finite element code, that combines two techniques: one relying upon the representative volume element (RVE) the other relying upon the(More)
This paper deals with the analysis of the guided evanescent waves in stopbands of a 1D phononic crystal (PC). A new numerical implementation is shown in order to get the complex values of the wavenumbers in a frequency range where a gap occurs. The considered phononic system is an aluminum plate with a one-dimensional sinusoidal grating. For this structure(More)
When a Lamb wave propagates on a plate engraved by a periodic grating, it may exhibit attenuation. This attenuation is related to a coupling of this incident mode with other propagating modes. As the propagation takes place in a periodic medium, the dispersion curves of the modes are of interest because they exhibit passbands and stopbands related to the(More)
The dispersion curves of a phononic crystal (PC) based on a hollow metallic structure are presented. They exhibit a negative refraction dispersion branch and perfect refractive index matching with the surrounding water, leading to focusing capability. Numerical and experimental results are reported for a flat PC lens. The characteristics of the focal spot(More)
The standard fabrication method for 1-3 piezocomposites for ultrasound transducers is the "dice and fill" method (DFM) in which lateral periodicity is introduced. This contributes to the appearance of spurious modes that can drastically affect the performance of the device if they appear near its thickness mode frequency, thus limiting the effective(More)
This paper is concerned with the probing of the transversal envelope solitons propagation in circular waveguides when a set of requirements (non-linearity and dispersion) are fulfilled in the waveguide and balanced. The basic idea is to analyze the shape of an acoustic pulse after it has traveled one or few trips through samples constituted of a rod and two(More)