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The cysteinyl leukotrienes-leukotriene C4(LTC4), leukotriene D4(LTD4) and leukotriene E4(LTE4)-are important mediators of human bronchial asthma. Pharmacological studies have determined that cysteinyl leukotrienes activate at least two receptors, designated CysLT1 and CysLT2. The CysLT1-selective antagonists, such as montelukast (Singulair), zafirlukast(More)
G protein-coupled receptors are commonly thought to bind their cognate ligands and elicit functional responses primarily as monomeric receptors. In studying the recombinant gamma-aminobutyric acid, type B (GABAB) receptor (gb1a) and a GABAB-like orphan receptor (gb2), we observed that both receptors are functionally inactive when expressed individually in(More)
The discovery of novel and selective inhibitors of human 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) is described. These compounds are potent, orally bioavailable, and active at inhibiting leukotriene biosynthesis in vivo in a dog PK/PD model. A major focus of the optimization process was to reduce affinity for the human ether-a-go-go gene potassium channel while preserving(More)
The synthesis and the EP(1) receptor binding affinity of 2,3-diarylthiophene derivatives are described. The evaluation of the structure-activity relationship (SAR) in this series led to the identification of compounds 4, 7, and 12a, which exhibit high affinity for the human EP(1) receptor and a selectivity greater than 100-fold against the EP(2), EP(3),(More)
1. The recombinant human prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) receptor, hCRTH2, has been expressed in HEK293(EBNA) and characterized with respect to radioligand binding and signal transduction properties. High and low affinity binding sites for PGD(2) were identified in the CRTH2 receptor population by saturation analysis with respective equilibrium dissociation(More)
BACKGROUND PGD(2) is the major prostanoid released by mast cells during an allergic response. Its role in the allergic response, however, remains unclear. OBJECTIVE Because the accumulation of eosinophils is a feature of allergic reactions, we investigated the role of PGD(2) in the modulation of eosinophil function. METHODS Circulating human eosinophils(More)
Direct evidence is lacking to show whether the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(B) gb1-gb2 heterodimer is the signaling form of the receptor. In this study, we tested whether gb1a or gb2 subunits when coexpressed with truncated receptors or metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR4 could form functional GABA receptors. Coexpression of the ligand binding(More)
It is well established that exposure to solar UVB (290-320 nm) gives rise to mutations in oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes that initiate the molecular cascade toward skin cancer. Although UVA (320-400 nm) has also been implicated in multistage photocarcinogenesis, its potential contribution to sunlight mutagenesis remains poorly characterized. We have(More)
Potent and selective ligands for the human EP3 prostanoid receptor are described. Biaryl compounds bearing a tethered ortho substituted acidic moiety were identified as potent EP3 antagonists based on the SAR described herein. The binding affinity of key compounds on all eight human prostanoid receptors is reported.
Galanin is a 29- or 30-amino acid peptide with wide-ranging effects on hormone release, feeding behavior, smooth muscle contractility, and somatosensory neuronal function. Three distinct galanin receptor (GALR) subtypes, designated GALR1, 2, and 3, have been cloned from the rat. We report here the cloning of the human GALR2 and GALR3 genes, an initial(More)