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Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are cationic channels activated by extracellular protons. They are expressed in sensory neurons, where they are thought to be involved in pain perception associated with tissue acidosis. They are also expressed in brain. A number of brain regions, like the hippocampus, contain large amounts of chelatable vesicular Zn(2+).(More)
We have isolated a murine homeobox-containing gene, Hox-5.1, by virtue of its relatedness to the Hox-1.4 gene. In situ hybridization to metaphase spreads mapped Hox-5.1 to band D of mouse chromosome 2. Sequence comparisons indicate that Hox-5.1 is the murine homolog of the human C13 homeobox-containing gene. Hox-5.1 also bears significant similarity to the(More)
The bacterial Sec and signal recognition particle (ffh-dependent) protein translocation mechanisms are conserved between prokaryotes and higher plant chloroplasts. A third translocation mechanism in chloroplasts [the proton concentration difference (DeltapH) pathway] was previously thought to be unique. The hcf106 mutation of maize disrupts the localization(More)
From a systematic screening of animal venoms, we isolated a new toxin (APETx2) from the sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima, which inhibits ASIC3 homomeric channels and ASIC3-containing heteromeric channels both in heterologous expression systems and in primary cultures of rat sensory neurons. APETx2 is a 42 amino-acid peptide crosslinked by three(More)
Transposable elements from the Robertson's Mutator family are highly active insertional mutagens in maize. However, mutations caused by the insertion of responder (non-autonomous) elements frequently depend on the presence of active regulator (autonomous) elements for their phenotypic effects. The hcf106::Mu1 mutation has been previously shown to depend on(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are cationic channels activated by extracellular protons. They are expressed in central and sensory neurons where they are involved in neuromodulation and in pain perception. Recently, the PDZ domain-containing protein PICK1 (protein interacting with C-kinase) has been shown to interact with ASIC1a and ASIC2a, raising the(More)
The expression of mRNA for acid sensing ion channels (ASIC) subunits ASIC1a, ASIC2a and ASIC2b has been reported in hippocampal neurons, but the presence of functional hippocampal ASIC channels was never assessed. We report here the first characterization of ASIC-like currents in rat hippocampal neurons in primary culture. An extracellular pH drop induces a(More)
Hox-1.6, a mouse homeo-box-containing gene member of the Hox-1 complex, is described. The Hox-1.6 homeo-box shows more divergence than the other members of the complex with the Drosophila Antennapedia-like homeo-box class. This previously undescribed gene was studied with respect to its transcription pattern and was found to be expressed during mouse fetal(More)
1. The effects of noradrenaline (NA) were studied on vascular smooth muscle cells isolated from rat portal vein. 2. Two types of single-Ca2+ channel currents with conductances of 17 pS and 8 pS were obtained in cell-attached configuration. Bath application of NA increased the open probability of both channels during depolarizing pulses without a change of(More)
Homeobox genes are expressed with a specific spatial and temporal order, which is essential for pattern formation during the early development of both invertebrates and vertebrates. Here we show that widespread ectopic expression of the Hoxa-1 (Hox 1.6) gene directed by a human beta-actin promoter in transgenic mice is embryolethal and produces abnormal(More)