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Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are cationic channels activated by extracellular protons. They are expressed in sensory neurons, where they are thought to be involved in pain perception associated with tissue acidosis. They are also expressed in brain. A number of brain regions, like the hippocampus, contain large amounts of chelatable vesicular Zn(2+).(More)
From a systematic screening of animal venoms, we isolated a new toxin (APETx2) from the sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima, which inhibits ASIC3 homomeric channels and ASIC3-containing heteromeric channels both in heterologous expression systems and in primary cultures of rat sensory neurons. APETx2 is a 42 amino-acid peptide crosslinked by three(More)
The expression of mRNA for acid sensing ion channels (ASIC) subunits ASIC1a, ASIC2a and ASIC2b has been reported in hippocampal neurons, but the presence of functional hippocampal ASIC channels was never assessed. We report here the first characterization of ASIC-like currents in rat hippocampal neurons in primary culture. An extracellular pH drop induces a(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are cationic channels activated by extracellular protons. They are expressed in central and sensory neurons where they are involved in neuromodulation and in pain perception. Recently, the PDZ domain-containing protein PICK1 (protein interacting with C-kinase) has been shown to interact with ASIC1a and ASIC2a, raising the(More)
Psalmotoxin 1, a peptide extracted from the South American tarantula Psalmopoeus cambridgei, has very potent analgesic properties against thermal, mechanical, chemical, inflammatory and neuropathic pain in rodents. It exerts its action by blocking acid-sensing ion channel 1a, and this blockade results in an activation of the endogenous enkephalin pathway.(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are broadly expressed in the CNS, including the spinal cord. However, very little is known about the properties of ASICs in spinal cord neurons compared with brain. We show here that ASIC1a and ASIC2a are the most abundant ASICs in mouse adult spinal cord and are coexpressed by most neurons throughout all the laminas. ASIC(More)
Polypeptide toxins have played a central part in understanding physiological and physiopathological functions of ion channels. In the field of pain, they led to important advances in basic research and even to clinical applications. Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are generally considered principal players in the pain pathway, including in humans. A snake(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are excitatory neuronal cation channels, involved in physiopathological processes related to extracellular pH fluctuation such as nociception, ischaemia, perception of sour taste and synaptic transmission. The spider peptide toxin psalmotoxin 1 (PcTx1) has previously been shown to inhibit specifically the proton-gated(More)
Ca(2+)-activated Cl- currents were studied in isolated cells from rat portal vein smooth muscle in short-term primary culture using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Cl- currents can be activated separately by Ca2+ release from intracellular stores (in response to external applications of caffeine or noradrenaline) and by Ca2+ influx through(More)
Acid sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) is a cation channel gated by extracellular protons. It is highly expressed in sensory neurons, including small nociceptive neurons and has been proposed to participate in pain perception associated with tissue acidosis and in mechanoperception. Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) and FMRFamide have been shown to potentiate proton-gated(More)