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Persistent Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers are at high risk of S. aureus infection. The present study delineates a simple strategy aimed at identifying rapidly and accurately this subset of subjects for clinical or epidemiological purposes. Ninety healthy volunteers were each identified as persistent, intermittent or non-nasal carriers of S. aureus by(More)
Two patients with no travel history and sharing the same room were colonized by the same strain of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1)-producing Escherichia coli within a geographical area not endemic for this highly multidrug-resistant bacterium. It was documented an absence of an epidemiological and bacteriological link with a third patient returning(More)
AIMS To test the effectiveness and rapidity of a pair of blood culture bottles in the diagnosis of bacterial and fungal contamination of corneal organ culture media. METHODS 761 microbiological analyses of storage media (Inosol and Exosol, Opsia, Toulouse, France), sampled in all phases of the organ culture at 31 degrees C of 410 consecutive corneas, were(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to assess the value of a serum assay for ceftazidime (CAZ) in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Saint-Etienne University Teaching Hospital and in other ICUs in the region to optimize therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between November 1, 2005, and February 29, 2008, for patients hospitalized in ICUs not(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the respective contribution of endogenous and exogenous transmission of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the colonization of lungs in the mechanically ventilated patient, to estimate the role of P. aeruginosa colonization in the occurrence of severe infections, and to extrapolate appropriate control measures for the prevention of P.(More)
INTRODUCTION In seriously infected patients with acute renal failure and who require continuous renal replacement therapy, data on continuous infusion of ceftazidime are lacking. Here we analyzed the pharmacokinetics of ceftazidime administered by continuous infusion in critically ill patients during continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) in(More)
Previous studies have shown that Propionibacterium acnes may be responsible for low-grade infection of the intervertebral discs of patients with severe sciatica. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the presence of bacteria in disc fragment samples obtained during surgery for lumbar disc herniation. P. acnes was cultured from disc(More)