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Persistent Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers are at high risk of S. aureus infection. The present study delineates a simple strategy aimed at identifying rapidly and accurately this subset of subjects for clinical or epidemiological purposes. Ninety healthy volunteers were each identified as persistent, intermittent or non-nasal carriers of S. aureus by(More)
AIMS To test the effectiveness and rapidity of a pair of blood culture bottles in the diagnosis of bacterial and fungal contamination of corneal organ culture media. METHODS 761 microbiological analyses of storage media (Inosol and Exosol, Opsia, Toulouse, France), sampled in all phases of the organ culture at 31 degrees C of 410 consecutive corneas, were(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to assess the value of a serum assay for ceftazidime (CAZ) in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Saint-Etienne University Teaching Hospital and in other ICUs in the region to optimize therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between November 1, 2005, and February 29, 2008, for patients hospitalized in ICUs not(More)
Previous studies have shown that Propionibacterium acnes may be responsible for low-grade infection of the intervertebral discs of patients with severe sciatica. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the presence of bacteria in disc fragment samples obtained during surgery for lumbar disc herniation. P. acnes was cultured from disc(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the potential role of procalcitonin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6 and interleukin-8, in the prognosis of patients with sepsis. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING The emergency unit of a teaching hospital. PATIENTS We included 131 patients with sepsis: 15 (12%) with septic shock, 20 (15%) with severe sepsis and 96(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of reducing prescription of fluoroquinolones in an intensive care unit (ICU) upon bacterial resistance, particularly as regards Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For six months between January 2001 and June 2001, administration of fluoroquinolones was kept to a minimum. A bacteriological screening of patients was(More)
AIMS To compare the bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity of 13 chemotyped essential oils (EO) on 65 bacteria with varying sensitivity to antibiotics. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty-five bacterial strains were tested with two methods used for evaluation of antimicrobial activity (CLSI recommendations): the agar dilution method and the time-killing curve(More)