Anne C Staff

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OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) in two time periods, before and after implementing a training programme for improved perineal support aimed at reducing the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries. The secondary aim was to study incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries in subgroups defined by risk(More)
Angiogenesis is a key factor in the placentation process and vascular remodeling that involves several growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4). PPARs are involved in the placentation process but not much information is available on whether their ligands such as fatty acids have any effects(More)
OBJECTIVE To study changes in the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter rupture (OASR) during recent years in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway and hospital-based incidence in recent years in Norway. DESIGN Retrospective birth register study. SETTING Unselected population of delivering women in four Nordic countries. SAMPLE All deliveries (574 175)(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) participates in preeclampsia; however, the relative contributions from the circulating RAS and the tissue-based, uteroplacental RAS are unknown. We hypothesized that the tissue-based uteroplacental RAS is dysregulated in preeclampsia. We performed microarray and gene expression studies and confirmed the findings on the(More)
Incomplete spiral artery remodelling is the first of two stages of pre-eclampsia, typically of early onset. The second stage comprises dysregulated uteroplacental perfusion and placental oxidative stress. Oxidatively stressed syncytiotrophoblast (STB) over-secretes proteins that perturb maternal angiogenic balance and are considered to be pre-eclampsia(More)
The lateral episiotomy technique has been postulated to cause more postpartum perineal pain and blood loss compared to the midline and mediolateral episiotomy technique. The aim of the study was to explore the association with postpartum perineal pain and blood loss between different episiotomy techniques. Clinical evaluation of episiotomy was performed 0–3(More)
This study aims to compare the result of an incontinence procedure performed at the time of prolapse repair or 3 months later in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In a multicenter prospective randomized trial, women with POP and SUI were randomized to have a tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) at the time of prolapse(More)
INTRODUCTION The MDM2 promoter polymorphism (SNP309T > G) extends a binding site for the transcription factor Sp1 and has been linked to elevated cancer risk and/or young age at cancer diagnosis, especially in females. Recently, we reported an adjacent polymorphism (SNP285G > C). SNP285C antagonises the effect of SNP309G by reducing Sp1 binding and lowers(More)
BACKGROUND Calprotectin is a protein found in myelomonocytic cells and plays a role in various physiological functions such as inflammatory processes and antiproliferation of cells, and in the neutrophil defense against bacterial infections. Preeclampsia is characterized by maternal endothelial dysfunction and by insufficient trophoblast invasion into the(More)
OBJECTIVES Accelerated recovery from preeclampsia has been reported after postpartum curettage. Lipid deposition in decidual spiral arteries (acute atherosis) is a histologic feature of preeclampsia. Increased tissue content of lipids is associated with enhanced formation of lipid peroxides, which are compounds that may induce endothelial dysfunction. We(More)