Anne C. Deitz

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At least four major categories of invasive breast cancer that are associated with different clinical outcomes have been identified by gene expression profiling: luminal A, luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and basal-like. However, the prevalence of these phenotypes among cases of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has not been(More)
BACKGROUND Little population-based data exist outside the United States on the epidemiology of binge eating disorder (BED). Cross-national BED data are presented here and compared with bulimia nervosa (BN) data in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health Surveys. METHODS Community surveys with 24,124 respondents (ages 18+) across 14 mostly(More)
N-Acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1), encoded by the polymorphic NAT1 gene, has been shown to be one of the major enzymes in human breast tissue that activates aromatic and heterocyclic amines. Humans are mainly exposed to these carcinogens through cigarette smoking and consumption of well-done meat. To test the hypothesis that variations in the NAT1 gene are(More)
These studies were designed to assess metabolism of benzidine and N-acetylbenzidine by N-acetyltransferase (NAT) NAT1 and NAT2. Metabolism was assessed using human recombinant NAT1 and NAT2 and human liver slices. For benzidine and N-acetylbenzidine, Km and Vmax values were higher for NAT1 than for NAT2. The clearance ratios (NAT1/NAT2) for benzidine and(More)
The acetylation polymorphism is associated with differential susceptibility to drug toxicity and cancers related to aromatic and heterocyclic amine exposures. N-Acetylation is catalyzed by two cytosolic N-acetyltransferases (NAT1 and NAT2) which detoxify many carcinogenic aromatic amines. NAT1 and NAT2 also activate (via O-acetylation) the N-hydroxy(More)
Heterocyclic amines found in well-done meat require host-mediated metabolic activation before initiating DNA mutations and tumors in target organs. Polymorphic N-acetyltransferase-2 (NAT2) catalyzes the activation of heterocyclic amines via O-acetylation, suggesting that NAT2 genotypes with high O-acetyltransferase activity (rapid/intermediate acetylator(More)
Errors in genotype determination can lead to bias in the estimation of genotype effects and gene-environment interactions and increases in the sample size required for molecular epidemiologic studies. We evaluated the effect of genotype misclassification on odds ratio estimates and sample size requirements for a study of NAT2 acetylation status, smoking,(More)
OBJECTIVES Ethnic differences in prostate cancer incidence are well documented, with African-Americans having among the highest rates in the world. Ethnic differences in genotypes for genes associated with androgen metabolism including SRD5A2 and CYP3A4 also may exist. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in these genotypes by ethnicity. (More)
Numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified in the human genome, yet the functional significance of most is unknown. CYP3A4 is a key enzyme in the metabolism of numerous compounds. An A-->G substitution 290 bp upstream of the CYP3A4 transcription start site (CYP3A4*1B) has been associated with cancer phenotypes, but its phenotypic(More)
The human N-acetylation polymorphism, encoded by the NAT2 gene locus, has been associated with higher incidence and/or severity to the adverse effects of therapeutic drugs, and to the carcinogenic actions of environmental and occupational chemicals. In this paper, we describe an efficient method of restriction fragment-length polymorphism and(More)