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The amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) is a 40-42 residue peptide that is the principal toxic species in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The oxidation of methionine-35 (Met35) to the sulfoxide form (Met35(ox)) has been identified as potential modulator of Aβ aggregation. The role Met35(ox) plays in Aβ neurotoxicity differs among experimental studies, which may be due to(More)
We describe an experimental approach to the measurement of protein subunit exchange in which biotinylated subunits mediate attachment of 35S-labeled subunits to a streptavidin column as a result of the exchange process. Application of the method to Escherichia coli catabolite activator protein (CAP) revealed that in the absence of cAMP, the dimerization(More)
The ability to perform de novo biosynthesis of purines is present in organisms in all three domains of life, reflecting the essentiality of these molecules to life. Although the pathway is quite similar in eukaryotes and bacteria, the archaeal pathway is more variable. A careful manual curation of genes in this pathway demonstrates the value of manual(More)
The IncN plasmids R46 and N3 each contain two copies of an insertion sequence which we denote IS46. This insertion sequence has single PstI and SalI restriction sites and is 0.81 kilobases long. All four copies of IS46 were capable of forming cointegrates, although the DNA between the insertion sequences, which in each case carries a tetracycline resistance(More)
Participating in undergraduate research can be a pivotal experience for students in life science disciplines. Development of critical thinking skills, in addition to conveying scientific ideas in oral and written formats, is essential to ensuring that students develop a greater understanding of basic scientific knowledge and the research process.(More)
Macromolecular function arises from structure, and many diseases are associated with misfolding of proteins. Molecular simulation methods can augment experimental techniques to understand misfolding and aggregation pathways with atomistic resolution, but the reliability of these predictions is a function of the parameters used for the simulation. There are(More)
High performance computing (HPC) is essential in order to perform detailed MD simulations that allow for mechanistic insight into many diseases. Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is primarily caused by the Aβ(42) peptide. MD simulations of a toxic (human Aβ(42)) and non-toxic (rat Aβ(42)) were performed in physiologically-relevant membrane(More)
The hallmark characteristics of plaque formation and neuronal cell death in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are caused principally by the amyloid β-peptide (Aβ). Aβ sequence and lipid composition are essential variables to consider when elucidating the impact of biological membranes on Aβ structure and the effect of Aβ on membrane integrity. Atomistic molecular(More)
The two isoforms of sphingosine kinase (SphK1 and SphK2) are the only enzymes that phosphorylate sphingosine to sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), which is a pleiotropic lipid mediator involved in a broad range of cellular processes including migration, proliferation, and inflammation. SphKs are targets for various diseases such as cancer, fibrosis, and(More)