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Humans perceive thousands of compounds as bitter. In sharp contrast, only approximately 25 taste 2 receptors (TAS2R) bitter taste receptors have been identified, raising the question as to how the vast array of bitter compounds can be detected by such a limited number of sensors. To address this issue, we have challenged 25 human taste 2 receptors (hTAS2Rs)(More)
Human bitter taste is mediated by the hTAS2R family of G protein-coupled receptors. The discovery of the hTAS2Rs enables the potential to develop specific bitter receptor antagonists that could be beneficial as chemical probes to examine the role of bitter receptor function in gustatory and nongustatory tissues. In addition, they could have widespread(More)
Allatotropin is an insect neuropeptide with pleiotropic actions on a variety of different tissues. In the present work we describe the identification, cloning and functional and molecular characterization of an Aedes aegypti allatotropin receptor (AeATr) and provide a detailed quantitative study of the expression of the AeATr gene in the adult mosquito.(More)
Humans' bitter taste perception is mediated by the hTAS2R subfamily of the G protein-coupled membrane receptors (GPCRs). Structural information on these receptors is currently limited. Here we identify residues involved in the binding of phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) and in receptor activation in one of the most widely studied hTAS2Rs (hTAS2R38) by means of(More)
Food contains complex blends of structurally diverse bitter compounds that trigger bitterness through activation of one or more of the ∼25 human TAS2 bitter taste receptors. It remains unsolved, however, whether the perceived bitterness of binary bitter-compound mixtures can be considered an additive function of all bitter-inducing chemicals in the mouth,(More)
Gurmarin, a 35-residue polypeptide, is known to selectively inhibit responses to sweet substances in rodents without affecting responses to other basic taste stimuli, such as NaCl, HCl, and quinine. Here, we report the heterologous expression of gurmarin using the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. Gurmarin was secreted into the buffered minimal medium(More)
In the present work we describe the functional and molecular characterization of two Aedes aegypti allatostatin-C receptor paralogs (AeAS-CrA and AeAS-CrB) and provide a detailed quantitative study of the expression of the AS-C receptor genes in an adult insect. The tissue distribution of the two AS-C receptors differed significantly; the mRNA levels of(More)
Sweet-tasting compounds are recognized by a heterodimeric receptor composed of the taste receptor, type 1, members 2 (T1R2) and 3 (T1R3) located in the mouth. This receptor is also expressed in the gut where it is involved in intestinal absorption, metabolic regulation, and glucose homeostasis. These metabolic functions make the sweet taste receptor a(More)
Most human G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are activated by small molecules binding to their 7-transmembrane (7-TM) helix bundle. They belong to basally diverging branches: the 25 bitter taste 2 receptors and most members of the very large rhodopsin-like/class A GPCRs subfamily. Some members of the class A branch have been suggested to feature not only(More)
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