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Fast transport of intra-axonal organelles was studied in motor nerve from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Organelle traffic in ALS nerves demonstrated a significant increase in anterograde mean speed, while retrograde mean speed was decreased compared with that of controls. Retrograde traffic density (organelles per unit time) was also(More)
Primary involvement of the spinal cord in malignant lymphoma is rare. Clinical and pathologic features of a case of malignant lymphoma initially involving the spinal cord and subsequently one cerebral hemisphere are reported and the medical literature reviewed. If malignant lymphoma of the central nervous system is diagnosed by means of brain biopsy(More)
Although damage to the veins of Batson's epidural plexus is usually considered the origin of bleeding in traumatic lumbar puncture, a lesion of these veins would not explain the cases in which postmortem examination shows blood confined to the subdural and subarachnoid spaces. In two patients who had lumbar punctures a few days before death, there was(More)
Despite knowledge of the bleeding hazard to thrombocytopenic cancer patients undergoing lumbar puncture (LP), a retrospective analysis of physician behavior at one hospital revealed no consistent use of platelet transfusions in patients with less than 20,000 platelets/mm3 on the day of LP. A review of the literature and laboratory cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)(More)
Ischemic optic neuropathy followed cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in the postoperative period in 7 of 7685 consecutive procedures. Th visual loss was unilateral in four patients and bilateral in three and there was little improvement. This ischemic infarction of the optic nerve disk was attributed to hypotension, hypothermia, and activation of certain(More)
We performed double-blind crossover trials to assess the effects of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. For acute intravenous trials, 500 mg TRH or placebo with norepinephrine was given at 1-week intervals (16 patients). CSF TRH concentration increased, and clinical side effects appeared with TRH. For chronic(More)
Among 421 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, 55 (13%) developed 63 new peripheral nervous system (PNS) complications postoperatively. Most common was a brachial radiculoplexopathy, which occurred in 23 patients. Of these, 21 involved lower trunk or medial cord fibers. In 17 there was a correlation between the site of jugular vein(More)
Factors involved in fast axonal transport (motor proteins, microtubules, organelles, etc.) have been identified but the molecular mechanism controlling transport is unknown. We used video enhanced microscopy to directly evaluate the effect of calcium on fast axonal transport (FAxT). FAxT alterations included rapid speed decreases (within minutes) in Ca2+(More)
The effects of acrylamide on fast axonal transport have been measured primarily using the indirect methods of isotope or enzyme accumulation. We report the first direct evaluation of the effects of subchronic acrylamide dosing (150, 300, or 500 mg/kg total dose, i.e., 50 mg/kg, 2x/wk, for 1.5, 3, 5 wk, respectively) on the fast axonal transport motility(More)