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The male gametophyte (or pollen) plays an obligatory role during sexual reproduction of higher plants. The extremely reduced complexity of this organ renders pollen a valuable experimental system for studying fundamental aspects of plant biology such as cell fate determination, cell-cell interactions, cell polarity, and tip-growth. Here, we present the(More)
A subset of homeodomain leucine zipper proteins (HDZip) play a role in regulating adaptation responses including developmental adjustment to environmental cues in plants. Here we report the structural and functional characterisation of a dehydration responsive nuclear-targeted HDZip transcriptional regulator, CpHB-7. DNA-protein interaction studies suggest(More)
In the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis, the dimorphic transition from budding to filamentous growth is intrinsically associated with the switch from a saprophytic to a pathogenic lifestyle. Both pathogenicity and filament formation are triggered by a heterodimeric homeodomain transcription factor encoded by the b mating type locus. Here, we present a(More)
Reversible phosphorylation of proteins is an important mechanism by which organisms regulate their reactions to external stimuli. To investigate the involvement of phosphorylation during acquisition of desiccation tolerance, we have analysed dehydration-induced protein phosphorylation in the desiccation tolerant resurrection plant Craterostigma(More)
Premature termination of transcription at UV lesions in DNA permits a study of the sequential order of transcription by E. coli RNA polymerase of the genes in the early region of T7. This analysis is extended to the transcription by E. coli polymerase of the late region of T7 by deleting the early terminator. The results demonstrate the existence of a(More)
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis in T4rII-infected, lambda-lysogenic strains of Escherichia coli proceeds with one-half the rate of T4 wild-infected bacteria and stops 16 min after infection at 37 C. The rates of ribonucleic acid (RNA) synthesis, however, are the same with T4rII and T4 wild. The turnover of pulse-labeled RNA is slow in K strains(More)
The effect of UV irradiation of bacteriophage T7 on in vivo early RNA synthesis has been studied by direct quantitation of the gene-specific RNA transcripts. The results show that the early region of phage T7 is transcribed from left to right as a single unit. Furthermore, gene inactivation, the UV sensitivity of synthesis of gene-specific RNA, and the UV(More)
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