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BACKGROUND The safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of conventional cyclosporine (ConCsA) and cyclosporine microemulsion (MeCsA) were compared under conditions of normal clinical practice in a prospective, randomized, concentration-controlled, pharmacoepidemiologic study. METHODS Between September 1994 and March 1995, 1097 stable renal transplant(More)
Cell constituents of glomerular crescents still remain controversial. We examined cellular crescents in ten cases of crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) using indirect immunoperoxidase technique and monoclonal antibodies against T cells (OKT3) and subsets: T helper/inducer cell (T4), T suppressor/cytotoxic cell (OKT8), T activated cell (IoT14 and IoT15); B(More)
Cholinergic stimulation of chloride secretion involves the activation of a basolateral membrane potassium conductance, which maintains the electrical gradient favoring apical Cl efflux and allows K to recycle at the basolateral membrane. We have used transepithelial short-circuit current (I SC), fluorescence imaging, and patch clamp studies to identify and(More)
Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) activity is regulated by several types of receptors directly coupled to distinct classes (i.e. Gs, Gi, Gq, and G12) of heterotrimeric (alpha beta gamma) GTP-binding proteins (G proteins), which, upon activation, modulate production of various second messengers (e.g. cAMP, cGMP, diacylglycerol, inositol trisphosphate, and Ca2+).(More)
Estrogens decrease serum total and ionized calcium (Ca) concentrations in postmenopausal women with or without primary hyperparathyroidism, but cause little or no increase in serum PTH suggesting a modification of the relationship between the two. In order to define this relationship, we studied the effect of conjugated estrogens on total and ionized serum(More)
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) is effective in correcting anemia in hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and predialysis patients. Limited studies in patients with failing renal allografts suggest a similar efficacy but provide little information concerning benefits, dose requirements, or adverse events. This study examined these considerations in(More)
Soluble leptin receptor (SLR) represents the major leptin binding activity in plasma. It is generated by alternative splicing of OB-R mRNA (OB-Re) and/or ectodomain shedding of membrane-spanning receptors. To determine the role of SLR in leptin activation of its long-form receptor, OB-Rb, we established in vitro assays using a cell line stably expressing(More)
Hyperlipidemia appears to play an integral role in loss of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in type 2 diabetes. This impairment can be simulated in vitro by chronic culture of 832/13 insulinoma cells with high concentrations of free fatty acids, or by study of lipid-laden islets from Zucker diabetic fatty rats. Here we show that impaired GSIS is(More)
Viral infections remain a major complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. A population of children who underwent unrelated allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in a single centre has been followed-up for viral infections and diseases. We describe the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and adenovirus among 75 children transplanted between(More)
Endometriosis, one of the most frequently occurring gynecological disorders, is estrogen dependent and is often associated with immunological changes. These include increased macrophage activation and infiltration into the endometriotic implants themselves as well as the peritoneal cavity where the implants often develop. Despite the critical role estrogens(More)