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Functional MRI was used in healthy subjects to investigate the existence of common neural structures supporting re-experiencing the past and pre-experiencing the future. Past and future events evocation appears to involve highly similar patterns of brain activation including, in particular, the medial prefrontal cortex, posterior regions and the medial(More)
It has been suggested that knowledge about some famous people depends on both a generic semantic component and an autobiographical component [Westmacott, R., & Moscovitch, M. (2003). The contribution of autobiographical significance to semantic memory. Memory and Cognition, 31, 761-774]. The neuropsychological studies of semantic dementia (SD) and Alzheimer(More)
We studied a case of psychogenic amnesia by means of a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiment involving the retrieval of autobiographical memories. The 38-year-old patient was unable to access most of her autobiographical memories from her childhood up to 16 years of age. Compared with the forgotten period, evocation of the normally(More)
The rivalry between the men's basketball teams of Duke University and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC) is one of the most storied traditions in college sports. A subculture of students at each university form social bonds with fellow fans, develop expertise in college basketball rules, team statistics, and individual players, and(More)
To investigate the neural systems that contribute to the formation of complex, self-relevant emotional memories, dedicated fans of rival college basketball teams watched a competitive game while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). During a subsequent recognition memory task, participants were shown video clips depicting plays of the(More)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects regions that support autobiographical memory (AM) retrieval, such as the hippocampus, amygdala and ventral medial prefrontal cortex (PFC). However, it is not well understood how PTSD may impact the neural mechanisms of memory retrieval for the personal past. We used a generic cue method combined with parametric(More)
In Conway and Pleydell-Pearce's model (2000), autobiographical memories are viewed as transitory mental representations, more often generated in an effortful way. An important claim of the model concerns the dynamic process that evolves over time, from the left prefrontal areas to posterior regions, to retrieve specific memories. The present work aims at(More)
Faces of other significant people are highly self-relevant and close to our everyday way of recollecting past events. We chose such stimuli to probe the emotional component of autobiographical memory retrieval. Photographs were collected from family members without the participant's involvement, thereby avoiding refreshment of the memory trace prior to the(More)
Two parallel fMRI experiments were conducted with the aim to clarify the lateralisation issue of the cerebral network underlying autobiographical memory retrieval independently of the stimulus material and the refreshment of the memory trace. The verbal experiment required a pre-scanning interview, while the nonverbal version tested the subjects directly(More)
This preliminary study tackles the assessment and treatment of autobiographical memory (AbM) in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) patients. Our aim was to investigate cerebral activation changes, following clinical improvement of AbM due to a cognitive training based on mental visual imagery (MVI). We assessed AbM using the Autobiographical(More)