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Two new methods to select groups of variables have been developed for multiblock data: " Group Sparse Principal Component Analysis " (GSPCA) for continuous variables and " Sparse Multiple Correspondence Analysis " (SMCA) for categorical variables. GSPCA is a compromise between Sparse PCA method of Zou, Hastie and Tibshirani and the method " group Lasso " of(More)
BACKGROUND It remains uncertain whether patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a single additional stroke risk factor (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥ 75 years, diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or thromboembolism, vascular disease, age 65-74 years, and sex category [CHA2DS2-VASc] score = 1 in men, 2 in women) should be treated with oral(More)
Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a role in migration of many cell types outside the central nervous system (CNS). Among neural cells, astrocytes are one of the main sources of MMPs in physiological and postlesional conditions. However, no data are available on the possible role of MMPs in astrocyte motility. Using an in vitro model of 2D migration and(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are endopeptidases that cleave matrix, soluble and membrane-bound proteins and are regulated by their endogenous inhibitors the tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). Nothing is known about MMP/TIMP trafficking and secretion in neuronal cells. We focussed our attention on the gelatinases MMP-2 and MMP-9, and their inhibitor(More)
Astrocytes play an active role in the central nervous system and are critically involved in astrogliosis, a homotypic response of these cells to disease, injury, and associated neuroinflammation. Among the numerous molecules involved in these processes are the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases, secreted or(More)
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is commonly used to treat brain metastases, particularly in the oligometastatic setting. This study analyses our initial experience in treating oligometastatic brain disease using Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) to deliver hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HFSRT). Sixty-one patients were treated with HFSRT(More)
OBJECTIVES Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) in recurrent ventricular fibrillation (VF) associated with inferolateral early repolarization pattern on the electrocardiogram. BACKGROUND Although an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator is the treatment of choice, additional AADs may be necessary to prevent frequent(More)
The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) belongs to a family of multifunctional proteins that inhibit matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), but also regulate cell growth, proliferation, migration and apoptosis in non-nervous tissues. We had previously reported that kainate (KA)-mediated excitotoxic seizures induce the expression of TIMP-1 in(More)
The frontal cortex is a brain structure that plays an important role in cognition and is known to be affected in Alzheimer's disease (AD) in humans. Over the past years, transgenic mouse models have been generated to recapitulate the main features of this disease, including cognitive impairments. This study investigates frontal cortex dependent learning(More)
AIMS left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) has emerged as a therapeutic target using cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in chronic heart failure patients. Current methods used to evaluate LVMD are technically challenging and do not assess all the components of LVMD simultaneously. We analysed real-time 3D speckle tracking (3DST)(More)