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BACKGROUND The molecular typing of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is based on the size and glycoform ratio of protease-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)), and on PRNP haplotype. On digestion with proteinase K, type 1 and type 2 PrP(Sc) display unglycosylated core fragments of 21 kDa and 19 kDa, resulting from cleavage around amino acids 82 and 97,(More)
PrP(Sc), a misfolded and aggregated form of the cellular prion protein PrP(C), is the only defined constituent of the transmissible agent causing prion diseases. Expression of PrP(C) in the host organism is necessary for prion replication and for prion neurotoxicity. Understanding prion diseases necessitates detailed structural insights into PrP(C) and(More)
The coexistence of multiple strains or subtypes of the disease-related isoform of prion protein (PrP) in natural isolates, together with the observed conformational heterogeneity of PrP amyloid fibrils generated in vitro, indicates the importance of probing the conformation of single particles within heterogeneous samples. Using an array of PrP-specific(More)
Diagnosis of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) disease in humans and ruminants relies on the detection in post-mortem brain tissue of the protease-resistant form of the host glycoprotein PrP. The presence of this abnormal isoform (PrP(Sc)) in tissues is taken as indicative of the presence of TSE infectivity. Here we demonstrate conclusively that(More)
Direct interaction between endogenous cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) and misfolded, disease-associated (PrP(Sc)) conformers is a key event in prion propagation, which precedes templated conversion of PrP(C) into nascent PrP(Sc) and prion infectivity. Although almost none of the molecular details of this pivotal process are understood, the persistence of(More)
In prion disease, direct interaction between the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) and its misfolded disease-associated conformer PrP(Sc) is a crucial, although poorly understood step promoting the formation of nascent PrP(Sc) and prion infectivity. Recently, we hypothesized that three regions of PrP (corresponding to amino acid residues 23-33, 98-110, and(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) arise as a consequence of infection of the central nervous system by prions and are incurable. To date, most antiprion compounds identified by in vitro screening failed to exhibit therapeutic activity in animals, thus calling for new assays that could more accurately predict their in vivo potency. Primary(More)
BACKGROUND The high resistance of prions to inactivating treatments requires the proper management of decontaminating procedures of equipment in contact with materials of human or animal origin destined for medical purposes. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is widely used today for this purpose as it inactivates a wide variety of pathogens including prions. STUDY(More)
This multicentre, open-label, prospective, single-arm study was designed to evaluate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of IqYmune®, a highly purified 10% polyvalent immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous administration in patients with primary immunodeficiency. IqYmune® was administered to 62 patients (aged 2–61 years) with X-linked(More)
A highly purified 10% liquid intravenous immunoglobulin, IQYMUNE®, has been developed using an innovative manufacturing process including an affinity chromatography step for the removal of anti-A and anti-B hemagglutinins. The pathogen (viruses and prions) clearance efficacy of the manufacturing process and its robustness for critical steps were(More)