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Alcohol and tobacco consumption are closely correlated and published results on their association with breast cancer have not always allowed adequately for confounding between these exposures. Over 80% of the relevant information worldwide on alcohol and tobacco consumption and breast cancer were collated, checked and analysed centrally. Analyses included(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Mutations in bone morphogenic protein 15 (BMP15) and growth/differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) lead to altered fertility in animal models. In the human, a heterozygous point mutation of BMP15 has been associated with premature ovarian failure (POF). SUBJECT AND METHODS We have directly sequenced both genes in a cohort of 203 POF(More)
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a disorder associated with female infertility, which affects approximately 1% of women under 40 years of age. A genetic component has been suggested as one possible cause of the majority of cases of nonsyndromic forms. Newborn Ovary Homeobox (NOBOX) is an ovary-specific gene, playing a critical role in ovary in mice,(More)
An analysis of the influence of women's age on the results of in-vitro fertilization was performed, using 5590 attempts collected during the year 1986. Increasing age was found to be related to decreased success rates from 19.8% per attempt below the age of 25 years, to 9% per attempt at 40 years or more. A cut-off point was found between the ages of 36 and(More)
Prolactin is a hormone involved in growth, development, reproduction, metabolism, water and electrolyte balance, brain and behavior, and immunoregulation. Its actions on reproductive processes represent the largest group of functions identified for this hormone. Besides the classic long form of the prolactin receptor, many short form receptors have been(More)
Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) is a reliable marker for detecting recurrent and persistent disease during the follow-up of patients with papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma. The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between the serum Tg level measured after thyroid hormone withdrawal and the tumor mass in thyroid cancer patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Premature ovarian failure (POF) is generally irreversible. However, developing follicles up to the antral stage are reported in POF and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) might be a good indicator of follicular presence. This study analysed serum AMH, ovarian histology and AMH immunoexpression in POF patients. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 48(More)
Between 1982 and 1985, a case-control study of nulliparous women, aged 25-45, was conducted to analyse the relationships between the risk of breast cancer and causes of nulliparity, including contraceptive methods. Fifty-one cases of breast cancer diagnosed less than 3 months before interview were matched with 95 controls on age at diagnosis, year of(More)
Osteoporosis has been an understandable concern for children and adult patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) who may receive or have received supraphysiological doses of glucocorticoids. Some previous reports on bone mineral density (BMD) in adult CAH patients showed no significant differences in BMD between patients with CAH and controls, but(More)
FIVNAT registry collected information on 21,960 individual assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles in 1992. The present analysis concerns 15,557 cycles arrived on time to be incorporated, 97.9% being in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The transfer rate was 80.9% and the clinical pregnancy rate was 19.2% per oocyte recovery cycle and 23.7% per(More)