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Alcohol and tobacco consumption are closely correlated and published results on their association with breast cancer have not always allowed adequately for confounding between these exposures. Over 80% of the relevant information worldwide on alcohol and tobacco consumption and breast cancer were collated, checked and analysed centrally. Analyses included(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Mutations in bone morphogenic protein 15 (BMP15) and growth/differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) lead to altered fertility in animal models. In the human, a heterozygous point mutation of BMP15 has been associated with premature ovarian failure (POF). SUBJECT AND METHODS We have directly sequenced both genes in a cohort of 203 POF(More)
An analysis of the influence of women's age on the results of in-vitro fertilization was performed, using 5590 attempts collected during the year 1986. Increasing age was found to be related to decreased success rates from 19.8% per attempt below the age of 25 years, to 9% per attempt at 40 years or more. A cut-off point was found between the ages of 36 and(More)
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a disorder associated with female infertility, which affects approximately 1% of women under 40 years of age. A genetic component has been suggested as one possible cause of the majority of cases of nonsyndromic forms. Newborn Ovary Homeobox (NOBOX) is an ovary-specific gene, playing a critical role in ovary in mice,(More)
During childhood, the main aims of the medical treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) secondary to 21-hydroxylase are to prevent salt loss and virilization and to attain normal stature and normal puberty. As such, there is a narrow therapeutic window through which the intended results can be achieved. In adulthood, the clinical management has(More)
Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) is a reliable marker for detecting recurrent and persistent disease during the follow-up of patients with papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma. The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between the serum Tg level measured after thyroid hormone withdrawal and the tumor mass in thyroid cancer patients who underwent(More)
Prolactin is a hormone involved in growth, development, reproduction, metabolism, water and electrolyte balance, brain and behavior, and immunoregulation. Its actions on reproductive processes represent the largest group of functions identified for this hormone. Besides the classic long form of the prolactin receptor, many short form receptors have been(More)
BACKGROUND Complete responses are rare after medical treatment of adrenocortical tumors. We performed a single center prospective study of the antitumor effect of irinotecan (CPT-11) in patients with metastatic adrenocortical cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Since 1999, all patients with advanced progressive adrenocortical carcinoma, referred to the Institut(More)
CONTEXT Nonclassical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NC-CAH) due to partial 21-hydroxylase deficiency is one of the most frequent autosomal recessive diseases. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the genotype/phenotype relationship in probands and family members. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 161 NC-CAH unrelated women diagnosed on(More)
BACKGROUND Premature ovarian failure (POF) is generally irreversible. However, developing follicles up to the antral stage are reported in POF and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) might be a good indicator of follicular presence. This study analysed serum AMH, ovarian histology and AMH immunoexpression in POF patients. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 48(More)