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The reaction of OH and NO(2) to form gaseous nitric acid (HONO(2)) is among the most influential in atmospheric chemistry. Despite its importance, the rate coefficient remains poorly determined under tropospheric conditions because of difficulties in making laboratory rate measurements in air at 760 torr and uncertainties about a secondary channel producing(More)
Many chemical reactions in atmospheric aerosols and bulk aqueous environments are influenced by the surrounding solvation shell, but the precise molecular interactions underlying such effects have rarely been elucidated. We exploited recent advances in isomer-specific cluster vibrational spectroscopy to explore the fundamental relation between the hydrogen(More)
Predissociation spectra of the H(5)O(2) (+)RG(n)(RG = Ar,Ne) cluster ions are reported in energy regions corresponding to both the OH stretching (3350-3850 cm(-1)) and shared proton (850-1950 cm(-1)) vibrations. The two free OH stretching bands displayed by the Ne complex are quite close to the band origins identified earlier in bare H(5)O(2) (+) [L. I.(More)
The harmonic approximation provides a powerful approach for interpreting vibrational spectra. In this treatment, the energy and intensity of the 3N- 6 normal modes are calculated using a quadratic expansion of the potential energy and a linear expansion of the dipole moment surfaces, respectively. In reality, transitions are often observed that are not(More)
Negative-ion photoelectron spectroscopy of ICN(-) (X̃ (2)Σ(+)) reveals transitions to the ground electronic state (X̃ (1)Σ(+)) of ICN as well as the first five excited states ((3)Π(2), (3)Π(1), Π(0(-) ) (3), Π(0(+) ) (3), and (1)Π(1)) that make up the ICN A continuum. By starting from the equilibrium geometry of the anion, photoelectron spectroscopy(More)
In a spin: the dynamics of photoexcited ICN(-) (Ar)(0-5) are presented. Photodetachment produces quasi-thermal electron emission that leaves ICN with up to 2.85 eV of internal energy. Photodissociation at 2.5 eV leads to one-atom caging and highly solvated anion products. Calculations indicate efficient energy transfer into CN rotation upon excitation to(More)
The photofragmentation dynamics of BrCN(-) in the 270-355 nm and the 430-600 nm wavelength regions is explored both experimentally and theoretically. In the case of excitation between 430 nm and 600 nm, it is found that the molecular ion accesses two dissociation channels with a measured 60:40 branching ratio that is nearly constant over this range of(More)
The ultraviolet (UV) photodissociation of mass-selected ICN(-)Ar(n) and ICN(-)(CO2)n clusters (n = 0-5) is studied using a secondary reflectron mass spectrometer. Relative photodissociation cross sections of bare ICN(-) show the dominance of the I(-) photoproduct from 270 to 355 nm, the entire wavelength range studied. UV excitation populates both the(More)
Multidentate, noncovalent interactions between small molecules and biopolymer fragments are central to processes ranging from drug action to selective catalysis. We present a versatile and sensitive spectroscopic probe of functional groups engaged in hydrogen bonding in such contexts. This involves measurement of the frequency changes in specific covalent(More)
We exploit recent advances in argon predissociation spectroscopy to record the spectroscopic signature of the shared proton oscillations in the H3O2- system and compare the resulting spectrum with that of the H5O2+ ion taken under similar conditions. Very intense 1 <-- 0 transitions are observed below 1100 cm(-1) in both cases and are surprisingly sharp,(More)