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The discovery of the RNA self-splicing group I intron provided the first demonstration that not all enzymes are proteins. Here we report the X-ray crystal structure (3.1-A resolution) of a complete group I bacterial intron in complex with both the 5'- and the 3'-exons. This complex corresponds to the splicing intermediate before the exon ligation step. It(More)
A recently reported crystal structure of an intact bacterial group I self-splicing intron in complex with both its exons provided the first molecular view into the mechanism of RNA splicing. This intron structure, which was trapped in the state prior to the exon ligation reaction, also reveals the architecture of a complex RNA fold. The majority of the(More)
A universally conserved adenosine, A2451, within the ribosomal peptidyl transferase center has been proposed to act as a general acid-base catalyst during peptide bond formation. Evidence in support of this proposal came from pH-dependent dimethylsulfate (DMS) modification within Escherichia coli ribosomes. A2451 displayed reactivity consistent with an(More)
The transition state of the group I intron self-splicing reaction is stabilized by three metal ions. The functional groups within the intron substrates (guanosine and an oligoribonucleotide mimic of the 5'-exon) that coordinate these metal ions have been systematically defined through a series of metal ion specificity switch experiments. In contrast, the(More)
Protein synthesis in the ribosome's large subunit occurs within an active site comprised exclusively of RNA. Mutational studies of rRNA active site residues could provide valuable insight into the mechanism of peptide bond formation, but many of these mutations cause a dominant lethal phenotype, which prevents production of the homogeneous mutant ribosomes(More)
The first step in the reaction of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) with lipoproteins is the interfacial binding of the enzyme to the lipid surfaces. In this study the equilibrium dissociation constants (Kds) for the interaction of pure human plasma LCAT with LDL, HDL2, HDL3, and a reconstituted discoidal HDL (rHDL) were determined by the(More)
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