Anne B. Knight

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BACKGROUND Stroke patients are more likely to make a good recovery if they receive care in a well-organised stroke unit. However, there are uncertainties about how best to provide such care. We studied 2 key aspects of early stroke unit care: early active mobilisation (EM) and automated monitoring (AM) for physiological complications such as hypoxia. (More)
The activity of detoxifying enzymes (glutathione-S-transferases (GST), mixed-function oxidases (MFO), and esterases (EST)) and the presence of insensitive variants of target proteins (sodium channel and acetylcholinesterase) were examined in individual male and female codling moths. Twenty-nine populations from 11 countries and two laboratory strains were(More)
Multiplication-stimulating activity (MSA), purified from medium conditioned by the BRL-3A rat liver cell line, previously has been shown to be closely related to the human somatomedins or insulin-like growth factors. A radioimmunoassay was utilized to measure MSA levels in sera from fetal, maternal, and young rats. A serum somatomedin-binding protein was(More)
Fibroblasts cultured from an infant with leprechaunism and insulin resistance have been reported to exhibit profound, selective defect in insulin binding. We now examine the effect of this defect on two acute metabolic actions of insulin thought to be mediated by the insulin receptor, glucose incorporation and N-methyl-alpha-aminoisobutyric acid (Me-AiBu)(More)
A new long-acting bronchodilator prodrug, bambuterol hydrochloride, was tested in a randomized, crossover, and double-blind study in elderly asthmatic patients (aged 64 to 82 years). They received placebo and 5-mg, 10-mg, and 20-mg tablets once daily for a week at each dose. The plasma concentration of the active metabolite, terbutaline, increased linearly(More)
Bambuterol is a new long-acting oral bronchodilator for once daily use in patients with asthma. It is a prodrug of terbutaline, designed to be slowly metabolized to terbutaline. Results from comparative studies have shown that it has similar clinical efficacy to other oral bronchodilators, but less side-effects. The present study was aimed at verifying the(More)
A 4-week multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial was carried out with 416 adults with ragweed allergic rhinitis to compare 200 micrograms of fluticasone propionate once daily and 100 micrograms of fluticasone propionate twice daily with placebo. Compared with placebo, both groups receiving fluticasone propionate had greater(More)
As part of a study of the effectiveness of beclomethasone dipropionate in perennial rhinitis five immunologically related parameters were measured. These included skin tests, total IgE, specific IgE, nasal and peripheral blood eosinophil counts. In addition, nasal biopsies were obtained in twenty out of sixty patients. It was apparent that patients with(More)
The properties of multiplication stimulating activity (MSA), an insulin-like growth factor (somatomedin) purified from culture medium conditioned by the BRL 3A rat liver cell line are summarized. The relationship of MSA to somatomedins purified from human and rat plasma are considered. MSA appears to be the predominant somatomedin in fetal rat serum, but a(More)
Normal human red cells which have had their intracellular sodium (Na(c)) reduced have a diminished Na-K pump rate, but only if intracellular potassium (K(c)) is high. If most of the K(c) is replaced by tetramethylammonium or choline, both ouabain-sensitive Na efflux and K influx are significantly increased even with Na(c) below normal. Cells with reduced(More)