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Adequate fixative in immunohistochemistry requires not only a rapid and total immobilization of the antigen, but also a sufficient preservation of its immunoreactivity and maintenance of its accessibility to the immunochemical reagents for localization. Thus, the optimal fixation condition for a specific antigen necessitates a compromise between these(More)
The existence of GABAergic neurons in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) was demonstrated by three specific markers; mRNA coding for glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and visualized by in situ hybridization using a 35S-labelled cDNA probe, and GAD protein and GABA were identified by immunocytochemistry using specific antisera. In situ hybridization(More)
Dopaminergic and GABAergic neurons were visualized in the same section of rat substantia nigra (SN) and zona incerta (ZI) by a two-color double immunoperoxidase procedure or by double immunofluorescence. Rabbit antiserum to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and sheep antiserum to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), markers for catecholaminergic and GABAergic(More)
The distribution of catecholaminergic fibers and cell bodies in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus was investigated with immunohistochemical methods in the adult albino rat. Sections through the nuclei were stained with antisera to the catecholamine synthesizing enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH),(More)
Paradoxical sleep (PS) is a state characterized by cortical activation, rapid eye movements and muscle atonia. Fifty years after its discovery, the neuronal network responsible for the genesis of PS has been only partially identified. We recently proposed that GABAergic neurons would have a pivotal role in that network. To localize these GABAergic neurons,(More)
From a Wistar population two rat lines were generated using as criterion the behavioral response to the dopamine agonist apomorphine. Rats of the apomorphine-susceptible (apo-sus) line revealed a vigorous gnawing response to apomorphine administration while the other rat line, the apomorphine-unsusceptible (apo-unsus) line, was selected for lack of response(More)
Current antidepressants still display unsatisfactory efficacy and a delayed onset of therapeutic action. Here we show that the pharmacological blockade of serotonin 7 (5-HT(7)) receptors produced a faster antidepressant-like response than the commonly prescribed antidepressant fluoxetine. In the rat, the selective 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist SB-269970(More)
Immunohistochemistry of three specific synthesizing catecholamine enzymes was used in the rat spinal cord to determine precisely the distribution of catecholaminergic perikarya and the nature of the neurotransmitter they contain. Single and double labeling experiments were performed on cryostat sections from perfused rats. The peroxidase anti-peroxidase(More)
The inducible form of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) generates nitric oxide of which the excessive production is associated with central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory diseases. The investigation of iNOS expression during experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) of the Lewis rat demonstrated iNOS immunoreactivity and mRNA both during inflammatory(More)