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We have evaluated the functional sensitivity to a neuroactive steroid in 12 women with and 12 women without premenstrual syndrome (PMS) at two stages of the menstrual cycle, by comparing the effects of three increasing doses of intravenous pregnanolone (3alpha-hydroxy-5beta-pregnan-20-one) on saccadic eye velocity (SEV) and self-rated sedation. Control(More)
Post-mortem concentrations of progesterone, 5alpha-pregnane-3,20-dione (5alpha-DHP) and 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnane-20-one (allopregnanolone) were measured in 17 brain areas and serum in five fertile and five postmenopausal women. Steroid concentrations were measured with radioimmunoassay after extraction of brain tissue with ethanol and purification(More)
OBJECTIVE Pregnanolone is a 3alpha-hydroxylated-5beta-reduced metabolite of the female sex steroid hormone progesterone. The compound is currently being evaluated for anaesthetic purposes. Previous studies have indicated a differential physiological response across the menstrual cycle and a different response in patients with premenstrual syndrome (PMS).(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the pharmacokinetics of progesterone, allopregnanolone and pregnanolone after treatment with a low oral dose of progesterone. METHODS Eight postmenopausal women were given a single oral dose of 20 mg of micronised progesterone on Day 1 and 20 mg twice daily on Days 2-7. Blood samples for the analysis of progesterone,(More)
Post-mortem concentrations of estradiol and testosterone were measured in 17 brain areas, serum and fat in 6 fertile and 5 postmenopausal women. Steroid concentrations were measured with radioimmunoassay after extraction of brain tissue with ethanol and purification with celite chromatography. There were regional differences in brain concentrations of both(More)
BACKGROUND The synthetic vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) analogue Ro 25-1553 is a selective VIP-PACAP type 2 (VPAC(2)) receptor agonist that causes a bronchodilatory effect in guinea pigs in vivo. The effect of Ro 25-1553 given by inhalation to patients with asthma was studied and compared with that of a long acting beta(2) adrenoceptor agonist. (More)
The association of reproductive factors with hormone receptor (HR)-negative breast tumors remains uncertain. Within the EPIC cohort, Cox proportional hazards models were used to describe the relationships of reproductive factors (menarcheal age, time between menarche and first pregnancy, parity, number of children, age at first and last pregnancies, time(More)
Women with a diagnosis of breast cancer are at increased risk of second primary cancers, and the identification of risk factors for the latter may have clinical implications. We have followed-up for 11 years 10,045 women with invasive breast cancer from a European cohort, and identified 492 second primary cancers, including 140 contralateral breast cancers.(More)
Experimental evidence shows cross-talk in mammary cells between estrogen, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and their respective receptors and possible synergistic effects of estrogen receptor (ER) activation and increased IGF-I signaling with regard to breast tumor development, and epidemiological evidence suggests that circulating IGF-I levels may be(More)
A radioimmunoassay for 5 alpha-pregnane-3,20-dione (5 alpha-DHP) in plasma is described. The concentration of 5 alpha-DHP in peripheral plasma during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle was of the same order of magnitude as that of progesterone (P). During the luteal phase, the plasma 5 alpha-DHP was 8-fold higher than in the follicular phase and(More)