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Pseudomonas aeruginosa controls several genes in a cell density-dependent manner through a phenomenon termed quorum sensing. The transcriptional activator protein of the las quorum-sensing system is encoded for by the lasR gene, which is at the top of a quorum-sensing hierarchy. The activation of LasR as a transcriptional activator induces the expression of(More)
Laminins are heterotrimeric molecules composed of an alpha, a beta, and a gamma chain; they have broad functional roles in development and in stabilizing epithelial structures. Here, we identified a novel laminin, composed of known alpha and beta chains but containing a novel gamma chain, gamma3. We have cloned gene encoding this chain, LAMC3, which maps to(More)
Laminins are heterotrimeric molecules composed of an ␣ , a ␤ , and a ␥ chain; they have broad functional roles in development and in stabilizing epithelial structures. Here, we identified a novel laminin, composed of known ␣ and ␤ chains but containing a novel ␥ chain, ␥ 3. We have cloned gene encoding this chain, LAMC3, which maps to chromosome 9 at(More)
Transcriptional patterns of lasB and algD were compared in isogenic mucoid and non-mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from cystic fibrosis patients. The lasB gene encodes elastase, a major proteolytic enzyme secreted by P. aeruginosa, while algD is required for the synthesis of alginate, an exopolysaccharide frequently overproduced by strains infecting(More)
The Staphylococcus aureus serotype 5 capsular polysaccharide (CP5) has a trisaccharide repeating unit of (-->4)-3-O-Ac-beta-D-ManNAcAp-(1-->4)-alpha-L-FucNAcp-(1-->3 )-beta-D-FucNAcp-(1-->). Tn918 mutagenesis of strain Reynolds yielded a mutant that produced wild-type levels of O-deacetylated CP5. The site and orientation of the single transposon insertion(More)
Capsules are produced by over 90% of Staphylococcus aureus strains, and approximately 25% of clinical isolates express type 5 capsular polysaccharide (CP5). We mutagenized the type 5 strain Reynolds with Tn918 to target genes involved in CP5 expression. From a capsule-deficient mutant, we cloned into a cosmid vector an approximately 26-kb EcoRI fragment(More)
Most clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus produce microcapsules (uronic acid-containing extracellular polysaccharides) that are detectable by serologic methods but are not visible by negative staining. Among the 11 reported serotypes, capsule types 5 and 8 comprise approximately 75% of all isolates. Transposon mutagenesis was performed on S. aureus to(More)
The virulence of the Staphylococcus aureus strains that differed only in capsule expression was compared in a rat model of catheter-induced experimental endocarditis. The ID50 of all the strains was low (less than 3 x 10(3) cfu of S. aureus), suggesting that this model may be more sensitive than other animal models to differences in bacterial virulence.(More)
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