Annarosa Floreani

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A genome-wide association screen for primary biliary cirrhosis risk alleles was performed in an Italian cohort. The results from the Italian cohort replicated IL12A and IL12RB associations, and a combined meta-analysis using a Canadian dataset identified newly associated loci at SPIB (P = 7.9 x 10(-11), odds ratio (OR) = 1.46), IRF5-TNPO3 (P = 2.8 x(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Noninvasive assessment of esophageal varices (EV) may improve the management of patients with cirrhosis and decrease both the medical and financial burden related to screening. In this multicenter, international study, our aim was to prospectively validate the use of the platelet count/spleen diameter ratio for the noninvasive diagnosis(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Little is known about the pathogenesis of liver damage related to hepatitis C virus. The presence of steatosis or increased ferritin levels, and preliminary data on the relevance of iron as a prognostic factor prompted us to ascertain whether hepatitis C virus-related liver damage might be mediated by iron accumulation. METHODS We(More)
The only currently recommended treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is lifestyle modification. Preliminary studies of silybin showed beneficial effects on liver function. Realsil (RA) comprises the silybin phytosome complex (silybin plus phosphatidylcholine) coformulated with vitamin E. We report on a multicenter, phase III, double-blind(More)
BACKGROUND Many reports of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) were written in the 'pre-Hepatitis C era' and data on the natural history are still incomplete. AIM To evaluate the clinical presentation and the natural history of type I AIH. METHODS Seventy-three consecutive patients with a regular follow-up of at least 2 years were prospectively included in the(More)
AIM To evaluate the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and the hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemiology in the general population of Northern Italy, a cohort of 965 subjects, all residents (including 47 immigrants), were anonymously tested for HBV and HCV infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS Serum samples were assayed for anti-HCV and anti-HBV markers by enzyme-linked(More)
Background: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) remain an important public health problem in developed countries. Hospital records were reviewed to ascertain the epidemiology of TBIs in Northeast Italy. Methods: The annual rates of TBI-associated hospitalisation were estimated by analysing data collected from hospital records from 1996 to 2000. TBIs were(More)
BACKGROUND Cirrhosis of viral etiology due to hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The current study evaluated the rate of incidence of HCC in patients with compensated cirrhosis of viral etiology. METHODS Two hundred fifty-nine cirrhotic patients (66 hepatitis B surface antigen(More)
BACKGROUND Primary biliary cholangitis (formerly called primary biliary cirrhosis) can progress to cirrhosis and death despite ursodiol therapy. Alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin levels correlate with the risk of liver transplantation or death. Obeticholic acid, a farnesoid X receptor agonist, has shown potential benefit in patients with this disease. (More)
Twin and family studies suggest there is a significant genetic component to primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). However, the inability to replicate reported associations has been a recurring problem, with the only consistently reported genetic association that between PBC and HLA-DRB1*0801. However, recently even this has been questioned, and a number of novel(More)