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BACKGROUND KRAS codons 12 and 13 mutations predict resistance to anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (moAbs) in metastatic colorectal cancer. Also, BRAF V600E mutation has been associated with resistance. Additional KRAS mutations are described in CRC. METHODS We investigated the role of KRAS codons 61 and 146 and BRAF V600E mutations in predicting resistance(More)
  • F Graziano, F Arduini, +9 authors S Cascinu
  • 2004
BACKGROUND Hypermethylation is studied as a new, relevant mechanism for silencing tumor suppressor genes. It is a potentially reversible epigenetic change and it is the target of novel anticancer compounds with demethylating activity. In this perspective, we investigated E-cadherin gene (CDH1) promoter hypermethylation in gastric carcinomas and its(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular predictors of bevacizumab efficacy in colorectal cancer have not been identified yet. Specific VEGF polymorphisms may affect gene transcription and therefore indirectly influence the efficacy of bevacizumab. METHODS Genomic DNA of 111 consecutive metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with first-line FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab(More)
Polymorphisms in the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene have been associated with altered sensitivity to glucocorticoids. We designed a high-resolution melting (HRM) assay to detect, simultaneously, the three most intriguing GR polymorphisms, selected on the bases of clinical relevance and frequencies in caucasian population as described in literature. HRM(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the prognostic role of thymidylate synthase (TS) polymorphisms in gastric cancer patients treated with radical surgery and fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Ninety gastric cancer cases were identified among 187 patients previously enrolled in prospective case-control studies for disease susceptibility.(More)
We investigated the association between thymidylate synthase (TS) germline polymorphisms and response to 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy in 80 patients with liver-only metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). The tandem repeat polymorphism (VNTR) in TS 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR), which consists of two (2R) or three (3R) 28-bp repeated sequences, with or(More)
BACKGROUND Inherited genetic factors such as E-cadherin (CDH1) promoter variants are believed to influence the risk towards sporadic diffuse gastric cancer (DGC). Recently, a new regulatory region essential for CDH1 transcription has been identified in CDH1 intron 2. METHODS We genotyped all known polymorphisms located within conserved sequences of CDH1(More)
PURPOSE The potential impact of different SNPs of VEGF/VEGFR pathway on the clinical outcome of mCRC patients receiving bev-containing regimens has been investigated in retrospective experiences with contrasting results. We previously reported the association of VEGFA rs833061 C/T variants with PFS in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with(More)
We investigated 17 polymorphisms in 11 genes (TS, MTHFR, ERCC1, XRCC1, XRCC3, XPD, GSTT1, GSTP1, GSTM1, ABCC1, ABCC2) for their association with the toxicity of fluoropyrimidines and oxaliplatin in colorectal cancer patients enrolled in a prospective randomized trial of adjuvant chemotherapy. The TOSCA Italian adjuvant trial was conducted in high-risk stage(More)