Annalisa Murgo

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Rhabdomyosarcoma is a tumor of striated muscle origin that displays defective myogenic differentiation. Terminal myogenesis switches off cell proliferation and migration, hence, the promotion of rhabdomyosarcoma differentiation should antagonize tumor growth and metastasis. Terminal myogenesis is controlled by cell-intrinsic myogenic transcription factors(More)
The highly aggressive cancer syndrome of female mice carrying a p53 knockout allele and a rat HER-2/neu (Neu) transgene (BALB-p53Neu) can be prevented by a cell vaccine presenting three components: Neu, interleukin (IL)-12 production, and allogeneic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) alleles (Triplex cell vaccine). Here we tested a second-generation(More)
In vivo studies of the metastatic process are severely hampered by the fact that most human tumor cell lines derived from highly metastatic tumors fail to consistently metastasize in immunodeficient mice like nude mice. We describe a model system based on a highly immunodeficient double knockout mouse, Rag2-/-;Il2rg-/-, which lacks T, B and NK cell(More)
The development of prophylactic cancer vaccines that protect healthy hosts from tumor development leaves open the question whether such vaccines are also effective against established tumors and metastases. We tested the therapeutic activity of a proven prophylactic anti-HER-2/neu vaccine against successive stages of mammary carcinoma progression in(More)
Cancer vaccine feasibility would benefit from reducing the number and duration of vaccinations without diminishing efficacy. However, the duration of in vivo studies and the huge number of possible variations in vaccination protocols have discouraged their optimization. In this study, we employed an established mouse model of preventive vaccination using(More)
The ultimate aim of the EU-funded ImmunoGrid project is to develop a natural-scale model of the human immune system-that is, one that reflects both the diversity and the relative proportions of the molecules and cells that comprise it-together with the grid infrastructure necessary to apply this model to specific applications in the field of immunology.(More)
Immunodeficient animal models are invaluable tools to investigate the metastatic propensity of human tumours. However residual immune responses, in particular natural killer (NK) cells, severely hamper the traffic and growth of human tumour cells. We studied whether a genetically modified mouse host lacking T, B and NK immunity allowed an improved(More)
BACKGROUND Human immune system (HIS)-engrafted mice are new tools to investigate human immune responses. Here, we used HIS mice to study human immune responses against human HER-2-positive cancer cells and their ability to control tumour growth and metastasis. METHODS BALB/c Rag2(-/-), Il2rg(-/-) mice were engrafted with CD34(+) or CD133(+) human cord(More)
Main obstacles to cancer vaccine efficacy are pre-existing antigenic load and immunoescape mechanisms, including tolerance against self tumor-associated antigens. Here we explored the role of tolerance in an antimetastatic vaccine approach based on dendritic cell-tumor cell (DC-TC) hybrids, thanks to the comparison between BALB-neuT mice, transgenic for and(More)
Downlo cer vaccine feasibility would benefit from reducing the number and duration of vaccinations without ishing efficacy. However, the duration of in vivo studies and the huge number of possible variations cination protocols have discouraged their optimization. In this study, we employed an established model of preventive vaccination using HER-2/neu(More)