Annalisa Bruno

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Aspirin taken for several years at doses of at least 75 mg daily reduced long-term incidence and mortality due to colorectal cancer. The finding of aspirin benefit at low-doses given once daily, used for cardioprevention, locates the antiplatelet effect of aspirin at the center of its antitumor efficacy. In fact, at low-doses, aspirin acts mainly by an(More)
We investigated whether platelets prime colon cancer cells for metastasis and whether pharmacological inhibition of platelet function may prevent it. Coculturing HT29 human colon carcinoma cells with human platelets led to the induction of mesenchymal-like cancer cells characterized by downregulation of E-cadherin and upregulation of Twist1, enhanced cell(More)
Inhibitors of microsomal prostaglandin (PG) E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) are being developed for the relief of pain. Redirection of the PGH(2) substrate to other PG synthases, found both in vitro and in vivo, in mPGES-1 knockout mice, may influence their efficacy and safety. We characterized the contribution of mPGES-1 to PGH(2) metabolism in lipopolysaccharide(More)
The thermophilic blue-green alga ETS-05 colonises the therapeutic thermal muds of Abano and Montegrotto, Italy. Following the isolation, purification and identification of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG), digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), sulphoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG) and phosphatidylglycerol from ETS-05, we here examine their in vivo(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether low-dose naproxen sodium (220 mg twice a day) interferes with aspirin's antiplatelet effect in healthy subjects. METHODS We performed a crossover, open-label study in 9 healthy volunteers. They received for 6 days 3 different treatments separated by 14 days of washout: 1) naproxen 2 hours before aspirin, 2) aspirin 2 hours(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a chemically heterogeneous group of compounds that provide unmistakable and significant health benefits in the treatment of pain and inflammation. They include traditional NSAIDs (tNSAIDs), which act by inhibiting both cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 and selective COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs). The development(More)
The cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme catalyzes the rate-limiting step of prostaglandin formation in pathogenic states and a large amount of evidence has demonstrated constitutive COX-2 expression to be a contributing factor promoting colorectal cancer (CRC). Various genetic, epigenetic, and inflammatory pathways have been identified to be involved in the(More)
Conventional medical treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis includes the use of NSAIDs (traditional and selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenase [COX]-2), because they provide unmistakable and significant health benefits in the treatment of pain and inflammation. However, they are associated with an increased risk of serious gastrointestinal(More)
Vascular cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-dependent prostacyclin (PGI(2)) may affect angiogenesis by preventing endothelial activation and platelet release of angiogenic factors present in platelet α-granules. Thus, a profound inhibition of COX-2-dependent PGI(2) might be associated with changes in circulating markers of angiogenesis. We aimed to address this issue(More)
3-(5-Chlorofuran-2-yl)-5-methyl-4-phenylisoxazole (P6), a known selective cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) inhibitor, was used to design a new series of 3,4-diarylisoxazoles in order to improve its biochemical COX-1 selectivity and antiplatelet efficacy. Structure-activity relationships were studied using human whole blood assays for COX-1 and COX-2 inhibition in(More)