Annabelle Zimmermann

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BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease (PD) is an adult-onset movement disorder of largely unknown etiology. We have previously shown that loss-of-function mutations of the mitochondrial protein kinase PINK1 (PTEN induced putative kinase 1) cause the recessive PARK6 variant of PD. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Now we generated a PINK1 deficient mouse and(More)
The tryptophan residues of P nerve growth factor (J3NGF) were modified by reaction with varying concentrations of N-bromosuccinimide. Analysis of the oxidized derivatives by electrophoresis under denaturing conditions, before and after reduction or oxidation of disulfide bonds, revealed partial hydrolysis of specific peptide bonds. Analysis of the newly(More)
Receptors for beta-nerve growth factor (beta NGF), so far regarded as specific cell surface markers of certain peripheral neurones, were found to be expressed on cultured non-neuronal cells of chick embryo dorsal root ganglia (drg) (Kd beta NGF = 2 X 10(-9) M). Autoradiography revealed that binding of [125I] beta NGF was restricted to a subpopulation of the(More)
When single-cell suspensions prepared from embryonic day 8 (E8) chick sensory ganglia are incubated with nerve growth factor (NGF), anti-NGF antiserum, and complement, an NGF-dependent cytotoxic kill of 20 (+/- 3)% of the ganglia cells is observed. This percentage is increased by a factor of two when only the neuronal cells are tested. No kill is observed(More)
In order to map the expression of receptors for nerve growth factor (NGF) during brain and cranial ganglia development, iodinated NGF (125I beta NGF) was used as a probe in an autoradiographical analysis performed between embryonic day 3 (E3) and posthatching day 3 (P3) of chicken development. Heavy autoradiographic labelling was observed at the classical(More)
To gain insight into the developmental program of nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor expression, the binding of [125I] beta NGF to frozen chick sections was investigated autorradiographically between embryonic day 3 (E3) and post-hatching day 3. Strong NGF receptor expression was observed as early as E4, throughout embryonic development and in the(More)
NGF receptor bearing peripheral glial cells, purified from chicken embryo dorsal root ganglia, were found to secrete neurite growth promoting activity (NGPA) but no NGF (detection limit 1 pM). If, however, minute concentrations of NGF (2 pM) were added to the glial cultures, an autocrine response was observed. Levels of NGF-like activity in the medium rose(More)
Considerable controversy surrounds the question of whether or not nerve growth factor (NGF) or a related nerve growth-promoting factor is present in serum. Recently, supporting its role as a local neuronotrophic factor, the presence of NGF in glial cells and its production in target tissues of NGF-responsive neurons were demonstrated [Rush: Nature(More)
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