Annabelle Mérieau

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There is some debate about the potential survival of Pseudomonas fluorescens at temperatures above 37 degrees C and its consequences for infectious potential, owing to the heterogeneity of clinical strains. Seven clinical strains growing at 37 degrees C or more were submitted for polyphasic identification; 2 were identified as Pseudomonas mosselii and 4(More)
The major surface protein of the genus Pseudomonas, OprF, is a non-specific porin that plays an important role in maintenance of cell shape, in growth in a low osmolarity environment, and in adhesion to various supports. The objectives of our study were (i) to carry out a comparative analysis of phylogenies obtained from the OprF protein and from the 16S(More)
In the psychrotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens, the production of several enzymes that otherwise differ in their cell location, growth phase production and inducibility appeared to be similarly regulated by the growth temperature. In order to determine the level of this regulation, the expression of the apo and lip genes encoding two of these(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens is a ubiquitous Gram-negative bacterium frequently encountered in hospitals as a contaminant of injectable material and surfaces. This psychrotrophic bacterium, commonly described as unable to grow at temperatures above 32°C, is now considered non pathogenic. We studied a recently identified clinical strain of P. fluorescens biovar(More)
We had previously shown that the psychrotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens can act as a pathogen, inducing apoptosis and necrosis in neurons and glial cells. In the present study, we investigated the influence of the growth temperature of P. fluorescens on its infectious potential. Adherence of P. fluorescens to glial cells was found to be maximal(More)
Random transcription fusion delivery, with bacterial luciferase genes as reporter, was performed in the psychrotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens. Direct screening on plates of the insertions allowed the isolation of fusions into thermoregulated genes with good accuracy, either in a library of insertion fusions, or after genetic transfer of a(More)
Protein secretion systems are crucial mediators of bacterial interactions with other organisms. Among them, the type VI secretion system (T6SS) is widespread in Gram-negative bacteria and appears to inject toxins into competitor bacteria and/or eukaryotic cells. Major human pathogens, such as Vibrio cholerae, Burkholderia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, express(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens is a highly heterogeneous species and includes both avirulent strains and clinical strains involved in nosocomial infections. We previously demonstrated that clinical strain MFN1032 has hemolytic activity involving phospholipase C (PlcC) and biosurfactants (BSs), similar to that of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa.(More)
Very few studies have been reported on the cytotoxicity and impact of bacteriocins, and especially enterocins, upon eukaryotic cells. In order to gain more information on the safety of bacteriocins, we focused this study on enterocin S37, a bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus faecalis S37. We observed dose-dependent cytotoxicity toward undifferentiated(More)
Escherichia coli adherence to biotic and abiotic surfaces constitutes the first step of infection by promoting colonization and biofilm formation. The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of the relationship between E. coli adherence to different biotic surfaces and biofilm formation on abiotic surfaces. We isolated mutants defective in A549(More)