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BACKGROUND Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a highly lethal condition for which no specific treatment has proven efficacy. In September 2014, while the Ebola outbreak was at its peak, the World Health Organization released a short list of drugs suitable for EVD research. Favipiravir, an antiviral developed for the treatment of severe influenza, was one of… (More)
The authors report a case of Menkes' syndrome, probably the first one described in Brazil. The patient, a 15-month-old boy, showed pili torti, early progressive psychomotor deterioration and seizures. Serum levels of ceruloplasmin and copper were very low. Neuroradiological and roentgenological examinations revealed diffuse cerebral atrophy, arterial… (More)
The authors report a case of large clivus chordoma in a 61/2-year-old child with multiple subarachnoid metastatic dissemination over the cerebellar hemispheres and spinal cord.
Sixty-four nondepressed, carefully selected senile demented inpatients underwent two 1-mg overnight dexamethasone suppression tests (DSTs) separated by 7 days. These patients were in a clinically stable and drug-free state for at least 6 months before testing. The Modified Ischemic Score and ICD-9 criteria for Alzheimer's disease were used to dichotomize… (More)
This report is on the prevalence of somniloquy, as revealed by a populational survey of 2,022 schoolchildren aged from 3 to 10 years. Data were collected by means of a multiple choice questionnaire aimed at the investigation of sleep characteristics (sleep characteristics questionnaire-SCQ) and submitted to statistical analysis. The objective was to detect… (More)
A case of precocious puberty and diabetes insipidus in a 7 years old boy due to a malignant teratoma in the IVth ventricle is reported. The tumor had grown into the IIIrd and lateral ventricles as found on the necropsy. The original site of the tumor and the possible physiopathological mechanisms for the precocious puberty are discussed.
Possibly the first case of Sturge-Weber disease associated with metameric limbs and trunk cutaneous hemangioma is reported. Roentnographic findings including contrast studies and computerized axial tomography are presented and discussed. Comments are made upon the relations between neurocutaneous angiomatosis.
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001967.].