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The administration of 13-cis-retinoic acid (13-cisRA), following myeloablative therapy improves 3-year event-free survival rates in children with high-risk neuroblastoma. This study aimed to determine the degree of inter-patient pharmacokinetic variation and extent of metabolism in children treated with 13-cisRA. 13-cis-retinoic acid (80 mg m(-2) b.d.) was(More)
Main objective of this study was to confirm that surgery alone is an effective and safe treatment for localised resectable neuroblastoma except stage 2 with amplified MYCN gene (MYCNA). Of 427 eligible stages 1-2 patients, 411 had normal MYCN and 16 had MYCNA. Of the 288 stage 1 patients with normal MYCN, 1 died of complications and 16 relapsed, 2 of whom(More)
This study retrospectively reviews infections over a 7-year period in 60 consecutive adults (median age 25 years) undergoing their first unrelated donor bone marrow transplant (UD-BMT). T-cell depletion was employed in 93%. More than half the patients had one or more severe, potentially life-threatening, infections. There was a high incidence of invasive(More)
We conducted a retrospective review of the clinical features and outcome of adenovirus infection in 572 consecutive patients transplanted in a single centre over a 10 year period. One hundred patients (17%) had a total of 105 episodes of adenovirus infection diagnosed at a median of 18 days post transplant (range 2-150 days). The incidence was higher in(More)
A pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic study was carried out to investigate the feasibility and potential importance of therapeutic monitoring following high-dose carboplatin treatment in children. High-dose carboplatin was administered over 3 or 5 days, with the initial dose based on renal function, to achieve target area under the plasma concentration-time(More)
The impact of transfusion of leucodepleted platelet concentrates (PCs) on cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease was assessed in 215 allogeneic (145 unrelated and 70 related donor) transplants over 3 years. In 43%, both donor and patient were CMV seronegative (CMV-/-). All received CMV-seronegative red cells and random leucodepleted PCs. No CMV disease occurred in(More)
We have developed a PCR-based method for the subspecific discrimination of Aspergillus fumigatus types by using two primers designed to amplify the intergenic spacer regions between ribosomal DNA transcription units. The method permitted the reproducible discrimination of 11 distinct DNA types among a total of 119 isolates of A. fumigatus collected from(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is known to cause acute lung injury in the immunocompromised host, especially recipients of bone marrow allografts. Specific prognostic factors for the development of severe life-threatening disease remain to be identified as does the optimum treatment of established disease. Over a 5-year period the incidence and outcome(More)
In 1982 the European Neuroblastoma Study Group (ENSG) established a prospective registry for patients with newly diagnosed neuroblastoma ('The ENSG Survey'). Clinical information was collected primarily to: (a) establish an ENSG database; and (b) investigate prognostic factors in neuroblastoma. This paper summarises the results of the survey. By 1992, 1277(More)