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Gel shift and DNase I footprinting experiments showed that Escherichia coli FIS (factor for inversion stimulation) protein binds to at least seven sites in the promoter region of hns. These sites extend from -282 to +25 with two sites, closely flanking the DNA bend located at -150 from the transcriptional startpoint, partly overlapping the H-NS binding(More)
Translational initiation factor 2 (IF2) is a guanine nucleotide-binding protein that can bind guanosine 3',5'-(bis) diphosphate (ppGpp), an alarmone involved in stringent response in bacteria. In cells growing under optimal conditions, the GTP concentration is very high, and that of ppGpp very low. However, under stress conditions, the GTP concentration may(More)
The influence of the rare initiation triplet AUU on mRNA translation was investigated by comparing the activity of two pairs of model mRNAs that differ in the length of Shine-Dalgarno and spacer sequences. Irrespective of the initiation triplet (AUG or AUU), all mRNAs had similar template activity in vitro, but translation of AUU mRNAs depended more on(More)
By means of limited proteolysis of Bacillus stearothermophilus initiation factor IF2 and genetic manipulation of its structural gene, infB, we have been able to produce (or hyperproduce) and purify two polypeptide fragments corresponding to two structurally and functionally separate domains of the protein. The first is the G-domain (approximately 41 kDa),(More)
The translation factor IF6 is shared by the Archaea and the Eukarya, but is not found in Bacteria. The properties of eukaryal IF6 (eIF6) have been extensively studied, but remain somewhat elusive. eIF6 behaves as a ribosome-anti-association factor and is involved in miRNA-mediated gene silencing; however, it also seems to participate in ribosome synthesis(More)
The Escherichia coli hns gene, which encodes the nucleoid protein H-NS, was deprived of its natural promoter and placed under the control of the inducible lambda PL promoter. An hns mutant yielding a protein (H-NS delta 12) with a deletion of four amino acids (Gly112-Arg-Thr-Pro115) was also obtained. Overproduction of wild-type (wt) H-NS, but not of H-NS(More)
During initiation of protein synthesis in bacteria, translation initiation factor IF2 is responsible for the recognition of the initiator tRNA (fMet-tRNA). To perform this function, IF2 binds to the ribosome interacting with both 30S and 50S ribosomal subunits. Here we report the topographical localization of translation initiation factor IF2 on the 70S(More)
The functional properties of the two natural forms of Escherichia coli translation initiation factor IF2 (IF2alpha and IF2beta) and of an N-terminal deletion mutant of the factor (IF2DeltaN) lacking the first 294 residues, corresponding to the entire N-terminal domain, were analysed comparatively. The results revealed that IF2alpha and IF2beta display(More)
MBF1 (multi-protein bridging factor 1) is a protein containing a conserved HTH (helix-turn-helix) domain in both eukaryotes and archaea. Eukaryotic MBF1 has been reported to function as a transcriptional co-activator that physically bridges transcription regulators with the core transcription initiation machinery of RNA polymerase II. In addition, MBF1 has(More)