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The hydrophobicity profiles across phosphatidylcholine (PC)-cholesterol bilayer membranes were estimated in both frozen liposome suspensions and fluid-phase membranes as a function of alkyl chain length, unsaturation, and cholesterol mole fraction. A series of stearic acid spin labels, with the probe attached to various positions along the alkyl chain,(More)
The value of Az (z-component of the hyperfine interaction tensor) obtained directly from X-band EPR spectra of stearic acid spin labels and tempocholine dipalmitoylphosphatidic acid ester in frozen suspension of phosphatidylcholine (PC) membranes has been used as a hydrophobicity parameter. Using probes with the nitroxide moiety at various depths in the(More)
Lutein and zeaxanthin are two dietary carotenoids that compose the macular pigment of the primate retina. Another carotenoid, meso-zeaxanthin, is formed from lutein in the retina. A membrane location is one possible site where these dipolar, terminally dihydroxylated carotenoids, named macular xanthophylls, are accumulated in the nerve fibers and(More)
Membranes made of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, one of the simplest paradigms for the study of liquid ordered-disordered phase separation, were investigated using a pulse-EPR spin-labeling method in which bimolecular collision of molecular oxygen with the nitroxide spin label is measured. This method allowed discrimination of(More)
The discrimination by oxygen transport (DOT) method is a dual-probe saturation-recovery electron paramagnetic resonance approach in which the observable parameter is the spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) of lipid spin labels, and the measured value is the bimolecular collision rate between molecular oxygen and the nitroxide moiety of spin labels. This(More)
The interaction of spermine with egg-yolk phosphatidylcholine liposomes was investigated. The EPR spin labeling technique evidenced that spermine induces modifications of some membrane functions of biological interest like water permeability and is a possible modulator of diffusion processes for charged and polar molecules. The association constant for a(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) have been used to study the effect on the phase transition of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine membranes of incorporating various stearic acid spin labels (SASL's) that contain the bulky oxazolidine ring at various positions along the stearyl chain. SASL's lowered the phase(More)
Over the last 25 years one of us (WKS) has been investigating physical properties of lipid bilayer membranes. In 1991 a group led by WKS was organized into the Laboratory of Structure and Dynamics of Biological Membranes, the effective member of which is AW. Using mainly the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spin-labeling method, we obtained unexpected(More)
The basic concept of the fluid-mosaic model of Singer and Nicolson, an essential point of which is that the membrane proteins are floating in a sea of excess lipid molecules organized in the lipid bilayer, may be misleading in understanding the movement of membrane components in biological membranes that show distinct domain structure. It seems that the(More)
Membranes made from binary mixtures of egg sphingomyelin (ESM) and cholesterol were investigated using conventional and saturation-recovery EPR observations of the 5-doxylstearic acid spin label (5-SASL). The effects of cholesterol on membrane order and the oxygen transport parameter (bimolecular collision rate of molecular oxygen with the nitroxide spin(More)