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Making sense of another mind: The role of the right temporo-parietal junction
Four ethical priorities for neurotechnologies and AI
Artificial intelligence and brain–computer interfaces must respect and preserve people's privacy, identity, agency and equality, say Rafael Yuste, Sara Goering and colleagues.
Improving Methodological Standards in Behavioral Interventions for Cognitive Enhancement
There is substantial interest in the possibility that cognitive skills can be improved by dedicated behavioral training. Yet despite the large amount of work being conducted in this domain, there is…
The practices of do-it-yourself brain stimulation: implications for ethical considerations and regulatory proposals
- Anna Wexler
- EducationJournal of Medical Ethics
- 31 August 2015
This study presents the results of a preliminary inquiry into the DIY tDCS community, with a focus on knowledge that is formed, shared and appropriated within it, and explores how DIYers cope with the methodological limitations inherent in self-experimentation.
Effects of mindfulness meditation training on anticipatory alpha modulation in primary somatosensory cortex
The Social Context of “Do-It-Yourself” Brain Stimulation: Neurohackers, Biohackers, and Lifehackers
- Anna Wexler
- PsychologyFront. Hum. Neurosci.
- 10 May 2017
The place of the home use of brain stimulation with regard to neurohacking, lifehackers, and biohackers is described, and it is suggested that a policy approach should have an appreciation both of individual motivations as well as the broader social context of the movement itself.
Recommendations for Responsible Development and Application of Neurotechnologies
This work explores potential ethical challenges in four key areas: identity and agency, privacy, bias, and enhancement, and proposes democratic and inclusive summits to establish globally-coordinated ethical and societal guidelines for neurotechnology development and application.
Who Uses Direct-to-Consumer Brain Stimulation Products, and Why? A Study of Home Users of tDCS Devices
- Anna Wexler
- 1 March 2018
Despite the attention garnered by the home (or “do-it-yourself”) use of tDCS (transcranial direct current stimulation), little is known about the population of actual users. The present study aimed…
Oversight of direct-to-consumer neurotechnologies
This work suggests ways to provide systematic support for regulatory agencies, funding bodies, and a public that is thirsty for knowledge about the efficacy of DTC neurotechnology products about to be sold direct to consumers (DTC).
Ethical Challenges of Risk, Informed Consent, and Posttrial Responsibilities in Human Research With Neural Devices: A Review.
This article draws on, reviews, specifies, and interprets existing ethical frameworks, literature, and subject matter expertise to address 3 specific ethical challenges in neural devices research: analysis of risk, informed consent, and posttrial responsibilities to research participants.