Anna Tsantili-Kakoulidou

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Thgoal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the antioxidant olive constituent, oleuropein, on infarct size, oxidative damage, and the metabolic profile in rabbits subjected to ischemia. Oleuropein, 10 or 20 mg/(kg x d), was administered to 8 groups that consumed a normal or hypercholesterolemic diet for 6 wk or only the higher dose for 3 wk.(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated nuclear transcription factors that regulate the storage and catabolism of dietary fats. PPARs constitute molecular targets for the treatment of human metabolic disorders, and also play a crucial role in inflammatory-related disease and cancer. Recent evidence has revealed the presence(More)
The lipophilicity and solubility profile of nimesulide was investigated over a broad pH range. Lipophilicity was assessed by direct partitioning experiments in the octanol-water system using the shake flask method, as well as by reversed-phase HPLC using methanol as organic modifier with or without addition of n-octanol. In the latter case the extrapolated(More)
Human alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AAG) is a mixture of at least two genetic variants: the A variant and the F1 and/or S variant or variants, which are encoded by two different genes. In a continuation of previous studies indicating specific drug transport roles for each AAG variant according to its separate genetic origin, this work was designed to (1)(More)
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of testosterone introduced for therapeutic purposes providing enhanced anabolic potency with reduced androgenic effects. Androgens mediate their action through their binding to the androgen receptor (AR) which is mainly expressed in androgen target tissues, such as the prostate, skeletal muscle,(More)
Prolog D is a program that formalizes, in a controllable and reproducible manner, an algorithm developed to predict distribution coefficients of ionizable compounds at a given pH and varying counterion concentrations. Its predictive power has been evaluated with experimental log D values measured under standard conditions of buffers and ionic strength.(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) has currently been considered as molecular target for the treatment of human metabolic disorders. Experimental data from in vitro cultures, animal models, and clinical trials have shown that PPAR-gamma ligand activation regulates differentiation and induces cell growth arrest and apoptosis in a(More)
Doxorubicin (DXR) is a commonly used antineoplastic agent; however, its use is limited due to cardiotoxicity. Oxidative stress and consequent alterations of cardiac energetics are involved in the development of DXR toxicity. Oleuropein (Oleu) is a phenolic antioxidant, present in olive tree, reported to confer protection against DXR cardiotoxicity. In this(More)
Pharmacological agents and environmental pollutants can transfer from mother to fetus across the placental barrier, leading to reproductive toxic effects. Ex vivo human placental perfusion constitutes the most widely used method to study placental transfer and metabolism of drugs and chemicals. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether(More)
The fact that PPAR-gamma is expressed dramatically higher in fat, regulating gene transcription in response to small lipophilic ligands, supports an essential role of increased lipophilicity for those ligands. On the other hand, the skepticism concerning high lipophilicity as a characteristic associated with undesirable effects and formulation problems(More)