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Synaptic rearrangements in the peri-infarct regions are believed to contribute to the partial recovery of function that takes place after stroke. Here, we performed neurophysiological recordings from single neurons of rats with permanent occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (pMCAO) during the resolution of their neurological deficits. Our results show(More)
The effects of glucose and O2 deprivation (OGD) on the survival of cortical and cerebellar neurons were examined to characterize the biochemical mechanisms involved in OGD and OGD followed by reoxygenation. To this aim, neurons were kept for different time periods in a hypoxic chamber with a controlled atmosphere of 95% N(2) and 5% CO2 in a glucose-free(More)
In C6 glioma cells exposed to chemical hypoxia, an increase of extracellular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, cell death, and intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) occurred. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a nitric oxide donor and an iron-containing molecule, reduced chemical hypoxia-induced LDH release and cell death. These effects were counteracted(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We characterized the differential effect of the NR2B subunit antagonist ifenprodil in the induction of activity-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) and of postischemic LTP as well as in the neuronal damage induced by focal ischemia. METHODS Intracellular recordings were obtained from rat corticostriatal slice preparations.(More)
In the present paper, the role played by Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) in focal cerebral ischemia was investigated. To this aim, permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) was performed in male rats. The effects on the infarct volume of some inhibitors, such as tyrosine-6 glycosylated form of the exchanger inhibitory peptide (GLU-XIP), benzamil(More)
Sodium/calcium exchangers are neuronal plasma membrane transporters, which by coupling Ca2+ and Na+ fluxes, may play a relevant role in brain ischemia. The exchanger gene superfamily comprises two arms: the K+-independent (NCX) and K+-dependent (NCKX) exchangers. In the brain, three different NCX (NCX1, NCX2, NCX3) and three NCKX (NCKX2, NCKX3, NCKX4)(More)
In this study, the temporal development of focal cerebral infarction induced by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) and the effects of piracetam, a derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid widely used in clinical practice as a nootropic agent, on infarct area and volume were investigated. pMCAO caused a cerebral infarct whose size progressively(More)
We investigated the effect of the VEGF-mimetic peptide, QK, on ischemic brain damage and on blood-brain barrier permeability in the rat. QK administered by the intracerebroventricular, intravenous, or intranasal route caused a 40% decrease in ischemic brain damage induced by permanent occlusion of the middle cerebral artery relative to that in controls. No(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A prominent feature of cerebral ischemia is the excessive intracellular accumulation of both Na(+) and Ca(2+) ions, which results in subsequent cell death. The plasma membrane Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), regulates the distribution of these ions acting either in the forward mode or in its reverse mode and it can play a critical role(More)
Background and Purpose—The Na ϩ /Ca 2ϩ exchanger, by mediating Ca 2ϩ and Na ϩ fluxes in a bidirectional way across the synaptic plasma membrane, may play a pivotal role in the events leading to anoxic damage. In the brain, there are 3 different genes coding for 3 different proteins: NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3. The aim of this study was to determine whether NCX1,(More)
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