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BACKGROUND The diagnosis of small bowel Crohn's disease (CD) is performed by ileocolonoscopy, whereas the assessment of its extension can be achieved by radiologic studies or, noninvasively, by magnetic resonance (MR) enterography and bowel sonography (BS). However, few comparative studies exist directly comparing the diagnostic accuracy of BS and MRI. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Postsurgical recurrence (PSR) is common in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) who have undergone surgery. Endoscopy is crucial for the diagnosis of PSR, showing also high prognostic value. Bowel sonography (BS) is accurate for CD diagnosis, but its role in PSR detection and grading has been poorly investigated. The aim of this study was(More)
Eleven consecutive patients underwent a total of 34 esophageal variceal sclerotherapy (EVS) sessions for bleeding esophageal varices. Blood cultures were drawn pre-, intra-, and post-EVS. All pre- and post-EVS blood cultures were negative. Five of the initial nine patients studied were found to have positive blood cultures, drawn after a mean of six(More)
This study was aimed at assessing whether peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) show significant levels of aneuploidy and high percentages of cytogenetic events in vitro, indicating a predisposition to aneuploidy spontaneously, or after chemical treatment in vitro. A group of affected individuals and a group of unaffected,(More)
BACKGROUND Postsurgical recurrence (PSR) is very common in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and previous surgery. Endoscopy is crucial for the diagnosis of PSR, also showing high prognostic value. Bowel sonography (BS) with or without oral contrast enhancement (OCBS) is accurate for CD diagnosis but its role in PSR detection and grading is poorly(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of endoscopic recurrence (ER) in Crohn's disease following curative resection is up to 75% at 1 year. Endoscopy is the most sensitive method to detect the earliest mucosal changes and the severe ER at 1 year seems to predict a clinical relapse. METHODS The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the incidence of early ER 6(More)
BACKGROUND Both thiopurines and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α agents are effective for treating Crohn's disease (CD) as they can induce clinical remission (CR) and mucosal healing (MH) in most patients. Nevertheless, data on transmural healing (TH) induced by thiopurines and anti-TNF-α agents are still lacking. This study aimed to explore the rate of(More)
The purpose of this report is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of spiramycin/cotrimoxazole in the mother-to-child transmission of Toxoplasma gondii infection. We retrospectively analysed 76 infants born to mothers with toxoplasmosis during pregnancy and estimated the risk of mother-to-child transmission considering the gestational age at the time of(More)
Medication adherence is an important challenge while treating chronic illnesses, such as ulcerative colitis (UC), that require a long-term management to induce and maintain clinical remission. This review provides an overview of the role that medication adherence plays in the routine management of UC, with a focus on the results of a recent Italian study(More)