Anna Sparatore

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S-diclofenac (2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzeneacetic acid 4-(3H-1,2,dithiol-3-thione-5-yl)phenyl ester; ACS 15) is a novel molecule comprising a hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-releasing dithiol-thione moiety attached by an ester linkage to diclofenac. S-diclofenac administration inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation (as evidenced by reduced lung and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Superoxide (O(2)(*-)), derived from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, is associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). NADPH oxidase activity and expression are blocked by nitric oxide (NO) and sildenafil. As another gas, hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) is formed by blood vessels, the effect of(More)
The activity of NADPH oxidase (NOX) is blocked by nitric oxide (NO). Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is also produced by blood vessels. It is reasonable to suggest that H(2)S may have similar actions to NO on NOX. In order to test this hypothesis, the effect of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) on O(2)(-) formation, the expression of NOX-1 (a catalytic subunit of NOX)(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of the H(2)S-donating derivative of sildenafil (ACS6) compared to sildenafil citrate and sodium hydrosulphide (NaHS) on relaxation, superoxide formation and NADPH oxidase and type 5 phosphodiesterase (PDE5) expression in isolated rabbit cavernosal tissue and smooth muscle cells (CSMCs), and in vivo on indices of oxidative(More)
A new class of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S)-donating hybrids combined with pharmacologically active compounds is presented in this article. The pharmacological profiles of some hybrid lead compounds in the areas of inflammation, H(2)S-donating diclofenac (ACS 15); cardiovascular, H(2)S-donating aspirin (ACS 14); urology, H(2)S-donating sildenafil (ACS 6); and(More)
Purpose. To determine the neuroprotective properties of a latanoprost acid derivative (ACS67) that donates the gas hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S). Methods. Ischemia to the rat retina was induced by elevation of intraocular pressure. Electroretinograms (ERGs) were recorded and the retinas analyzed 2 days later by immunohistochemistry, Western blot analysis, and(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, is a neurodegenerative disorder of central nervous system. The present study was designed to investigate the therapeutic effect of ACS84, a hydrogen sulfide-releasing-L-Dopa derivative compound, in a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced PD model. ACS84 protected(More)
The main lesion in Parkinson disease (PD) is loss of substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons. Levodopa (L-DOPA) is the most widely used therapy, but it does not arrest disease progression. Some possible contributing factors to the continuing neuronal loss are oxidative stress, including oxidation of L-DOPA, and neurotoxins generated by locally activated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Angiogenesis involves multiple signaling pathways that must be considered when developing agents to modulate pathological angiogenesis. Because both cyclooxygenase inhibitors and dithioles have demonstrated anti-angiogenic properties, we investigated the activities of a new class of anti-inflammatory drugs containing dithiolethione(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of ACS14, a hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S)-releasing derivative of aspirin (Asp), on Asp-induced gastric injury. Gastric hemorrhagic lesions were induced by intragastric administration of Asp (200 mg/kg, suspended in 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose solutions) in a volume of 1 ml/100 g body weight. ACS14 (1, 5 or 10(More)