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Mucormycosis is an emerging angioinvasive infection caused by the ubiquitous filamentous fungi of the Mucorales order of the class of Zygomycetes. Mucormycosis has emerged as the third most common invasive mycosis in order of importance after candidiasis and aspergillosis in patients with hematological and allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Mucormycosis(More)
Mycoses summarized in the hyalohyphomycosis group are heterogeneous, defined by the presence of hyaline (non-dematiaceous) hyphae. The number of organisms implicated in hyalohyphomycosis is increasing and the most clinically important species belong to the genera Fusarium, Scedosporium, Acremonium, Scopulariopsis, Purpureocillium and Paecilomyces. Severely(More)
The aetiological agents of many invasive fungal infections are saprobes and opportunistic pathogens. Some of these fungi are darkly pigmented due to melanin production and traditionally have been named 'dematiaceous'. The melanized fungi cause a wide array of clinical syndromes ranging from superficial to deep-seated infections. Diagnosis relies on(More)
Two female patients, aged 75 and 59 years, respectively, with candidal sternal osteomyelitis were successfully treated by the administration of triazoles. Both had developed post-operative wound infection after sternotomy for coronary artery by-pass grafting. Sternal osteomyelitis was confirmed by bone scans with technetium 99Tc and gallium 67Ga. The(More)
These European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases and European Confederation of Medical Mycology Joint Clinical Guidelines focus on the diagnosis and management of mucormycosis. Only a few of the numerous recommendations can be summarized here. To diagnose mucormycosis, direct microscopy preferably using optical brighteners,(More)
Zygomycosis is an important emerging fungal infection, associated with high morbidity and mortality. The Working Group on Zygomycosis of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) prospectively collected cases of proven and probable zygomycosis in 13 European countries occurring between 2005 and 2007. Cases were recorded by a standardized case(More)
Mucormycosis is an emerging cause of infectious morbidity and mortality in patients with hematologic malignancies. However, there are no recommendations to guide diagnosis and management. The European Conference on Infections in Leukemia assigned experts in hematology and infectious diseases to develop evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and(More)
The large majority of cases reported worldwide as zygomycosis are infections caused by fungi belonging to the order Mucorales. These infections are invasive, often lethal, and they primarily affect immunocompromised patients. Cutaneous zygomycosis is the third most common clinical presentation, after sinusitis and pulmonary disease. Most patients with(More)
Although colistin methanesulfonate (CMS) has been used extensively in critically ill patients infected with multidrug-resistant organisms, the optimum dosing regimen remains to be determined. Herein, we examined the pharmacokinetics of three different dosing regimens of CMS, 3 million units every 8 h (regimen A), 4.5 million units every 12 h (regimen B), 9(More)
For over 50 years, amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmBD) has been the 'gold standard' in antifungal chemotherapy, despite its frequent toxicities. However, improved treatment options for invasive fungal infections (IFIs) have been developed during the last 15 years. Newer antifungal agents, including less toxic lipid preparations of AmBD, triazoles and the(More)