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Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) expression can induce mammary tumorigenesis in transgenic mice, and selective Cox-2 inhibitors are both chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic in rat models of breast cancer. We analyzed the expression of Cox-2 protein by immunohistochemistry in tissue array specimens of 1576 invasive breast cancers. Moderate to strong (elevated)(More)
Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) associates with reduced survival in human breast cancer. COX-2 may be directly involved with mammary carcinogenesis, since expression of COX-2 is sufficient for formation of breast tumors in transgenic mice, and COX-2 selective inhibitors can suppress tumorigenesis in rodent(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with a reduced risk of cancer in the digestive tract. Cyclooxygenase (COX) is the best-known target of NSAIDs, and expression of the COX-2 isoform is elevated in esophageal carcinomas but its clinical significance remains unclear. We examined COX-2 expression in esophageal(More)
Primary aldosteronism consists of a mixture of subgroups. The operative treatment is successful only in cases of aldosterone-producing neoplasia (and in rare cases of primary unilateral hyperplasia); all other cases should be treated medically. The aim of this study was to determine if aldosterone-producing neoplasia had been successfully differentiated(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown that the use of nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with reduced risk of gastric cancer. The best-known target of NSAIDs is the cyclooxygenase (Cox) enzyme. Two Cox genes have been cloned, of which Cox-2 has been connected with gastric carcinogenesis. Expression of Cox-2 is elevated in gastric(More)
Incidental discovery of an adrenal mass during radiologic examinations is common. Several recommendations have been made for the management of so-called incidentalomas. It has become clear that not all incidentalomas should be operated, but the criteria for nonoperative treatment have been under continuous debate. In this study 36 operated incidentalomas(More)
Most adrenal incidentalomas are nonfunctioning cortical adenomas that do not require surgery. Operative treatment is indicated if the incidentaloma has malignant features as seen during the radiologic workup, is hormonally active, or grows during follow-up. A conservative attitude is justified in asymptomatic patients if we know that the natural course of(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression has been shown to associate with poor prognosis in ovarian cancer, and an mRNA stability protein HuR has been shown to enhance expression of COX-2 in tissue culture conditions. We found cytoplasmic immunoreactivity for HuR protein in 52% (233 of 445) of serous-type ovarian carcinoma specimens, and it associated with high(More)
Gastrointestinal carcinomas synthesize elevated levels of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), which has been mechanistically linked to carcinogenesis. Recently, microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) was cloned, which seems to be inducible and linked to cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) in the biosynthesis of PGE(2). We examined expression of mPGES-1 in intestinal(More)
The new, age-related TNM classification system of papillary thyroid carcinoma was applied in a retrospective analysis of 199 patients operated on during the 24-year period from 1956 through 1979 at the Second Department of Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital. According to the new staging system, 103 patients (under 45 years of age) and 96 T1(More)