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Anaerobic digestion is a complex process involving hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis and methanogenesis. The separation of the hydrogen-yielding (dark fermentation) and methane-yielding steps under controlled conditions permits the production of hydrogen and methane from biomass. The characterization of microbial communities developed in bioreactors is(More)
A strong chronic induction of the SOS response system occurs in E. coli BW535, a strain defective in nth, nfo and xth genes, and hence severely deficient in the repair of abasic sites in DNA. This was shown here by visualization of filamentous growth of the BW535 strain and by measuring the level of beta-galactosidase expressed in BW535/pSK1002 in(More)
A system for biohydrogen production was developed based on long-term continuous cultures grown on sugar beet molasses in packed bed reactors. In two separate cultures, consortia of fermentative bacteria developed as biofilms on granitic stones. In one of the cultures, a granular sludge was also formed. Metagenomic analysis of the microbial communities by(More)
Heat shock response is one of the defense mechanisms common to eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. The highly conserved and ubiquitous heat shock proteins (HSPs) are essential for cell survival during stress. Stress tolerance, i.e., adaptation of cells to stress conditions, is a characteristic feature of heat shock response. The lumen of the gastrointestinal(More)
The SOS system in Escherichia coli is induced in response to DNA damage and the arrest of DNA synthesis. Here we show that in AB1157 bacteria starved for arginine, conditions for induction of adaptive mutations, the LexA-dependent SOS system is induced, but that this occurs only when the bacteria resume growth and when the source of carbon is glycerol(More)
The deleterious effect of defective alkB allele encoding 1meA/3meC dioxygenase on reactivation of MMS-treated phage DNA has been frequently studied. Here, it is shown that: (i) AlkB protects the cells not only against the genotoxic but also against the potent mutagenic activity of MMS; (ii) mutations arising in alkB-defected strains are umuDC-dependent, and(More)