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Extracts of wild garlic (Allium ursinum) and garlic (A. sativum) with defined chemical compositions were investigated for their in vitro inhibitory potential on 5-lipoxygenase (LO), cyclooxygenase (CO), thrombocyte aggregation (TA), and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). The inhibition rates as IC50 values of both extracts for 5-LO, CO, and TA showed a(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS There are few data on the prevalence and clinical outcome of hepatitis C infection in children. We studied 458 children who underwent cardiac surgery in Munich, Germany, before 1991, when blood-donor screening for hepatitis C was introduced in Germany. Their mean age at first operation was 2.8 years; none of the children had received(More)
Using a modified liver homogenate model to assay for the inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis, different garlic and wild garlic extracts as well as pure compounds isolated from them were investigated for their influence on cholesterol synthesis. Chloroform and acetone/chloroform extracts of garlic and wild garlic inhibited cholesterol synthesis 44-52% at(More)
PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors are associated with a specific spectrum of immune-related adverse events. This spectrum is different from toxicities known for kinase inhibitors or cytotoxic drugs. Since PD-1 directed therapies show effectivity in an increasing number of malignant diseases, their clinical usage will increase rapidly. Therefore clinicians from(More)
Two major polysaccharides, rhamnogalacturonans with mean M(r)s of 13,500 and 13,000, were isolated from dried leaves of Sedum telephium by column chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B and gel filtration on Fractogel TSK HW-50 (S) and Sephacryl 200 HR. The structures were determined mainly by NMR spectroscopy, methylation analysis and GC-MS of the partially(More)
From the chloroform extract of ALLIUM URSINUM L. (Liliaceae) bulbs, in addition to other sulfur-containing constituents ( E/Z)-4,5,9-trithiadeca-1,6,11-dien-9-oxide [= methylajoene) and ( E/Z)-4,5,9-trithiaocta-1,6-dien-9-oxide (= dimethylajoene) were isolated and identified by NMR and mass spectroscopy. These two compounds were also found in A. SATIVUM but(More)
BACKGROUND Bile acids are synthesized and secreted by the liver. During liver failure and hepatic dysfunction, a marked reduction of bile acid synthesis has been shown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the biliary bile acid pattern was affected by preservation injury and rejection and whether it was a reliable marker for graft function in(More)
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