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53 compounds with clinically established ability to cross or not to cross the blood-brain barrier by passive diffusion were characterized by means of surface activity measurements in terms of three parameters, i.e., the air-water partition coefficient, K aw , the critical micelle concentration, CMC D , and the cross-sectional area, A D . A three-dimensional(More)
The air-water partition coefficients, K(aw), highly correlated with the corresponding lipid-water partition coefficients, K(lw), and the critical micelle concentrations, CMC, were measured for 11 compounds for which the kinetic parameters of P-glycoprotein ATPase activation (Michaelis-Menten constant, K(m), and maximal velocity, V(max)) had been determined(More)
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) traverse cell membranes of cultured cells very efficiently by a mechanism not yet identified. Recent theories for the translocation suggest either the binding of the CPPs to extracellular glycosaminoglycans or the formation of inverted micelles with negatively charged lipids. In the present study, the binding of the protein(More)
  • A Seelig
  • European journal of biochemistry
  • 1998
P-glycoprotein actively transports a wide variety of chemically diverse compounds out of the cell. Based on a comparison of a hundred compounds previously tested as P-glycoprotein substrates, we suggest that a set of well-defined structural elements is required for an interaction with P-glycoprotein. The recognition elements are formed by two (type I unit)(More)
The ordering of the hydrocarbon chains and the rates of lipid motion are two independent parameters characterizing the structure and the dynamics, respectively, of a bilayer membrane. In this work, deuterium magnetic resonance has been used to elucidate the influence of a single cis double bond on the hydrocarbon chain ordering of a phospholipid bilayer.(More)
  • A Seelig
  • Biochimica et biophysica acta
  • 1987
The binding of the local anesthetic dibucaine to monolayers composed of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine was studied with a Langmuir trough at pH 5.5 (22 degrees C, 0.1 M NaCl). At this pH value only the charged form of the local anesthetic exists in solution. Charged dibucaine was found to be surface active and to penetrate into the lipid(More)
A method has been devised for predicting the ability of drugs to cross the blood-brain barrier. The criteria depend on the amphiphilic properties of a drug as reflected in its surface activity. The assessment was made with various drugs that either penetrate or do not penetrate the blood-brain barrier. The surface activity of these drugs was quantified by(More)
Talin, an actin-binding protein, is assumed to anchor at the membrane via an intrinsic amino acid sequence. Three N-terminal talin fragments, 21-39 (S19), 287-304 (H18), and 385-406 (H17) have been proposed as potential membrane anchors. The interaction of the corresponding synthetic peptides with lipid model systems was investigated with CD spectroscopy,(More)