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NR1/NR2A is a subtype of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), which are glutamate and glycine-gated Ca(2+)-permeable channels highly expressed in the central nervous system. A high-throughput screening (HTS) campaign using human osteosarcoma (U-2 OS) cells transiently transduced with NR1/NR2A NMDAR subunits, tested in a specifically designed(More)
The novel opioid receptor antagonist, GSK1421498, has been shown to attenuate reward-driven compulsive behaviours, such as stimulant drug seeking or binge eating, in animals and humans. Here, we report new data on the receptor pharmacology of GSK121498, in comparison to naltrexone, naloxone, 6-β-naltrexol and nalmefene. To determine whether the novel opioid(More)
Small conductance, calcium-activated potassium channels (SK channels) are present in most neurons, in denervated muscles and in several non-excitable cell types. In excitable cells SK channels play a fundamental role in the generation of the afterhyperpolarization which follows an action potential, thereby modulating neuronal firing and regulating(More)
The optimisation of an HTS hit series (1) leading to the identification of structurally novel, selective, orally bioavailable mGluR2 positive modulators GSK1331258 and GSK1331268 is described. Structure-activity relationships, attenuation of dopaminergic activity, and potentiation of mGluR2 responses in rat hippocampal MPP-DG synapses are also reported.
It is known that NMDA receptor stimulation can activate or inhibit the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signalling cascade, a key pathway involved in neuronal plasticity and survival. However, the specific subtype(s) of NMDA receptor that exert bi-directional regulation of ERK signalling is under debate. Here we show that in young neurons (7-9(More)
The muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) turns over at different rates depending on stage of synaptogenesis and innervation. Tyrosine phosphorylation modulates desensitization, interaction with cytoskeleton and lateral mobility in the membrane of AChR. To determine whether tyrosine phosphorylation also modulates the turnover of AChR, myotubes in(More)
GlaxoSmithKline Medicines Research Centre, Screening and Compound Profiling (AB, EB, CC), Computational and Structural Science (AMC), Medicinal Chemistry (FC), Molecular and Cellular Biology (AS, CG, FA, MN), 37135 Verona, Italy GlaxoSmithKline R&D Pharmaceuticals, Screening and Compound Profiling (LG, SAS-S), Tres Cantos, Spain JPET Fast Forward. Published(More)
A novel series of 1,2,4-triazolyl 5-azaspiro[2.4]heptanes with high affinity and selectivity at the dopamine (DA) D3 receptor (D3R) is described. Some of these compounds also have high selectivity over the hERG channel and were characterized with respect to their pharmacokinetic properties both in vitro and in vivo during lead identification and early lead(More)
Dental pulp tissue was collected from 6 healthy adult patients, prior to prosthetic treatments, in order to evaluate the in situ phenotype of dental pulp stromal cells and compare with that of dental pulp stem cells. A CD34-/CD44+/CD105-/CD117+/CD146-/nestin- phenotype of stromal cells in the dental pulp core was found. Cells with a similar phenotype, but(More)