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OBJECTIVES Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a frequent cause of human lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) for which macrolides are the treatment of choice. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of macrolide resistance and to subtype M. pneumoniae strains in Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS During an outbreak of M. pneumoniae infections in southern(More)
The genetic characterization of wild-type measles strains isolated during an epidemic cluster of measles occurred in Puglia (South Italy), between November 2006 and January 2007, was performed. Measles virus (MV) detection was carried out by a nested RT-PCR on 8 of 18 total cases. The viruses were analyzed using the standard genotyping protocols. The N gene(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis in people who had eaten at a hash house in southern Italy. STUDY DESIGN Case-control study. METHODS A clinical case of gastroenteritis was defined as a person who had eaten at the hash house from 29 August to 4 September 2011 and who experienced defined gastrointestinal symptoms within 72(More)
Pneumococcal disease epidemiology has changed after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. Seven-valent vaccine (PCV7) has been effective in reducing invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). In Europe, PCV13 effectiveness was estimated at 78% (95% CI: -18-96%) for 2-priming doses. In Italy, PCV7 was introduced in 2006 in the childhood immunization(More)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is one of the most common causes of bacterial community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in paediatrics , and can lead to severe and long-lasting disease [1]. Macrolides are usually considered the first-choice antimic-robials for M. pneumoniae CAP in children because the alternatives (i.e. fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines) are not approved(More)
Patterns of endemicity of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) are still undefined in some European populations, such as those from Western Balkan countries. Serum samples from 605 human immunodeficiency virus-seronegative subjects (299 Albanians and 306 Kosovars) were tested for the presence of HHV8 antibodies to a capsid-related open reading frame (ORF65)-encoded(More)