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Bacterial communities of the water and the biofilm formed during five years on an artificial substrate in Lake Baikal were studied by the pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA gene fragments; taxonomic diversity of bacterial communities and differences in their structure were revealed. The biofilm community contained mainly representatives of three phyla:(More)
Bacterial diversity of two Lake Baikal endemic sponges characterized by different life forms, branching Lubomirskia baicalensis and encrusting Baikalospongia sp., was studied using 454 pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene fragments. In the communities associated with L. baicalensis and Baikalospongia sp., 426 and 428 OTUs, respectively, were identified. In(More)
The majority of naturally occurring biofilms contain numerous microorganisms that have not yet been cultured. Additionally, there is little information available regarding the genetic structure and species diversity of these communities. Therefore, we characterised the species diversity, structure and metagenome of biofilms grown on stones and steel plates(More)
The draft genome sequence of Vibrio cholerae O1 strain I-1263, isolated from a patient in the imported focus in Siberia, was determined. The established structural features of the mobile genetic elements indicate stage-by-stage formation of a highly pathogenic V. cholerae clone and promote understanding of the mechanisms of evolutionary pathogen(More)
Cyanobacteria containing neurotoxic saxitoxin synthesis genes were found in the coastal zone of Lake Baikal near the village of Turka for the first time. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the sequences of saxitoxin synthesis genes belong to the genus Anabaena Bory. Saxitoxin concentration in the water according to ELISA was 1.93 ± 0.64 mg/L. The genetic and(More)
Cyanobacteria of the genera Anabaena and Microcystis, containing genes for the synthesis of-microcystins (hepatotoxic cyanotoxins) were found for the first time in the coastal zone of Lake Baikal near-the village of Turka, where a tourism and recreational complex were constructed. According to the enzyme-immunoassay, microcystin concentration in water was(More)
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